Taken for a ride: on India’s
gender-blind transport system
Mains Paper 3: Economy
Prelims level : Not much
Mains level : Measures to improve public transport system
- Economy by New-Delhi based NGO Jagori revealed that 51% of women in the
capital faced harassment inside public transport, and another 42% while
waiting for public transport.
- Ola’s survey ahead of International Women’s Day 2019, highlighted how
only 9% of the surveyed women commuters in the country felt safe in public
transport, but still used it due to the lack of other options.
How to make public transport safe for all?
- Rope in traffic police at large bus depots, MRTC railway stations,
- Provide functional and responsive helplines,
- Ensure elevators and escalators are functional,
- Better footpaths and clean subways,
- Create safe and usable cycling tracks,
- Set up the gender advisory committee,
- Most importantly, educate and sensitize men.
- As per a 2017 report by the Institute for Transportation and Development
Policy, women may turn down better employment opportunities further away
from home in favor of lower-paid local jobs when the public transport system
is unreliable or unaffordable.
- This holds true especially for those belonging to lower-income groups,
thus impacting their access to better jobs, education and basic necessities
- The report also states that over 84% of trips by women are by the
public, intermediate public and non-motorised modes of transport
- Efforts to improve our crumbling public transport systems — used by a
majority of the population — haven’t been addressed.
Motor Vehicles Bill 2019
- The bill provides some relief to passengers as far as app-based
taxi-hailing services go.
- It gives power to the Centre to regulate these services and set ground
rules on safety and surge pricing, and get them to invest in customer care
- It points out issues of road safety, heftier fines for errant drivers,
vehicle recall norms.
- There’s no mention of better roads or infrastructure development.
- The government’s Smart Cities Mission aims to create walkable
localities, promote mixed-land uses, develop green spaces and
technology-centric pan city proposals such as CCTV cameras.
- But unless we have gender-responsive plans for urban transport in place,
our cities will be far from inclusive.
Q.1) With reference to ‘the Leader of the Opposition’ in the Parliamentary
system of India, consider the following statements:
1. The Indian Constitution recognizes this position and accords the holder
status of a Union Cabinet Minister.
2. The Leader of Opposition gets the same salary as that of a Union Cabinet
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
Q.1) What are the key problems to the public transport system? How to
make public transport safe for all?