THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 11 January 2020 (Tech’s 2020 agenda (The Hindu))

Tech’s 2020 agenda (The Hindu)

Mains Paper 3: Science and Tech
Prelims level : Artificial Intelligence
Mains level : Challenges associated with the rise of Artificial Intelligence


  • The year 2019 stood testimony to this fact.
  • This was a period in which dramatic developments occurred in the fields of artificial intelligence, machine learning, data analytics, cloud computing and more.

Rise of Artificial Intelligence:

  • The AI juggernaut got all powered up in 2019 so much so that concerns around its advancements and application in fields such as welfare distribution, recruitments, match-making, etc.
  • For companies, governments and similar agencies drew worldwide criticism, with data scientists and technologists calling for more transparency and ethical clarity in the development, distribution and application of such algorithmic tools and products.
  • And there has been some progress towards that end, with policymakers in a few geographies introducing bills and laws to tackle abuse of AI.

Need to regulate:

  • It more needs to be done to tackle the wilfully wrong application of technologies.
  • Given the pace at which technologies evolve, we’d better hurry.
  • The governments are quite handicapped when it comes to developing tools and procedures to tackle mal-tech.
  • One of the most alarming tech trends of 2019 was the unbridled use and abuse of deep fake technology.
  • For starters, this is a malicious technology which helps make fake videos of people in which they can be shown doing things they would never have done in reality.
  • The promise that computers can now create convincing videos and images of events, people and actions that never happened is quite scary.

Way ahead:

  • Verifying the veracity of such products is a tall order as things stand now.
  • The response from Big Tech, when asked about developing solutions to address such problems, has not been really proactive so far.
  • The onus is now on consumers and policymakers.
  • The year 2020 should see more efforts towards making tech more humane, proactive and egalitarian.

    Online Coaching for UPSC PRE Exam

    General Studies Pre. Cum Mains Study Materials

Prelims Questions:

Q.1) With reference to the Great Indian Bustard (GIB), consider the following statements:
1. Its population is confined only to Rajasthan and Gujarat.
2. It listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Mains Questions:
Q.1) Describe the major challenges towards uses of AI.