US names Iran’s Revolutionary Guards a
terrorist group (The Hindu)
Mains Paper 2 : Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and agreements
involving India |
Prelims level : FTO
Mains level : US-Iran turmoil and its impact on India
- President Donald Trump said on Monday he would name Iran's elite Islamic
Revolutionary Guard Corps a terrorist organization, in an unprecedented step
that drew Iranian condemnation and raised concerns about retaliatory attacks
on U.S. forces.
- The action by Trump, who has taken a hard line toward Iran by
withdrawing from the 2015 Iran nuclear deal and re-imposing broad economic
sanctions, marks the first time the United States has formally labelled
another nation's military a terrorist group.
- The U.S. step, which takes effect on April 15, prompted an immediate
response from Iran, whose Supreme National Security Council in turn
designated U.S. military forces as a “terrorist organization,” Iranian
state-run TV reported.
- The U.S. military bases and their military forces in the region will be
considered terrorist bases and terrorist forces that will be dealt with and
- The IRGC is the Iranian government's primary means of directing and
implementing its global terrorist campaign.
- His administration has long criticized Iran for its influence in Iraq,
Syria and Yemen.
- Senior U.S. military commanders share Trump's concerns about Iran and
the IRGC but long opposed the designation due to concern over a potential
backlash against U.S. forces in the Middle East and the problems it could
create for U.S. partners who have a relationship with Iran, U.S. officials
- The Pentagon declined to discuss what the U.S. military was doing to
protect American troops from any retaliation by the IRGC or Iran-aligned
militia in places like Iraq.
- U.S. officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the designation
did not mean the U.S. military would start treating the IRGC like al Qaeda,
Islamic State or other militants that it can target at will.
GUARDS' HUGE INFLUENCE
- The IRGC is in charge of Iran's ballistic missile and nuclear programs.
Tehran has warned that it has missiles with a range of up to 2,000 km (1,242
miles), putting Israel and U.S. military bases in the region within reach.
- Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who is up for re-election on
Tuesday, warmly welcomed the designation and tweeted “Thank you, my dear
friend, U.S. President Donald Trump... for meeting another of my important
- Set up after Iran's 1979 Islamic Revolution to protect the Shi'ite
clerical ruling system, the Guards have great sway in Iran's political
system, controlling swathes of the economy and armed forces.
- Their involvement in Iran's banking and shipping industries could
complicate matters with U.S. allies including the European Union. The new
designation makes it easier to prosecute EU or other companies or
individuals that do business with Iran.
- The Iranian currency weakened on Monday, falling to 143,000 rials to the
U.S. dollar from Sunday's rate of 138,000 rials, according to the website
- The United States has already blacklisted dozens of entities and people
for affiliations with the IRGC, but not the organization as a whole.
- Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, a strident critic of Iran, has pushed
for the change in U.S. policy as part of the Trump administration's tough
posture toward Tehran.
- “This designation is a direct response to an outlaw regime and should
surprise no one,” Pompeo said.
- The State Department said on Monday the IRGC has been engaged in
terrorist activity since its inception, including the 1996 Khobar Towers
bombing in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 Americans, and a foiled plan to
attack the Saudi ambassador to the United States on U.S. soil.
- Previous administrations considered designating the entire IRGC as a
foreign terrorist organization but decided the risk to U.S. forces overseas
was too great, former U.S. officials said.
Q.1) Which of the following states have been declared ‘Open Defecation
Select the code from below:
a) 1,2 and 3
b) 2,3 and 4
c) 1,3 and 4
d) All of the above
Q.1) No matter how many toilets the government builds, the country will never be
able to become open defecation free until people start using them. So, how can
this problem be overcome?