The Delhi model of education (The
Mains Paper 2: Education
Prelims level : Delhi model of education
Mains level : Components of the Delhi model of education
- In the last five years, the Delhi model of education has caught the
attention of people in Delhi and beyond.
- The AAP government in Delhi has built a model which essentially has five
major components and is supported by nearly 25% of the State Budget.
Key components of the model:
Transformation of school infrastructure:
- The first component of the education model is the transformation of
school infrastructure. Dilapidated school buildings that lack basic
facilities not only indicate the apathy of the government, but also
significantly lower the motivation of teachers and the enthusiasm of
- The AAP government sought to change this by building new, aesthetically
designed classrooms equipped with furniture, smart boards, staff rooms,
auditoriums, laboratories, libraries, sports facilities and so on.
To train the teachers and principals:
- The second component is the training of teachers and principals. Apart
from the fact that a forum was created to encourage peer learning among
them, several opportunities were given to teachers for their professional
- They visited Cambridge University; the National Institute of Education,
Singapore; IIM Ahmedabad; and other models of excellence in India. The
exposure to new pedagogy and leadership training enabled Delhi to gradually
move away from a uniform training model for all to learning from the best
practices in India and abroad.
Reconstituting school management committees:
- The third component involved engaging with the community by
reconstituting school management committees (SMC). The annual budget of each
SMC is ₹5-7 lakh. The SMCs can spend this money on any material or activity,
such as even hiring teachers on a short-term basis.
- Regular dialogue between teachers and parents was initiated through mega
parent-teacher meetings. Guidelines are provided on how to engage with
parents. Invitations for meetings are sent through FM radio, newspaper
Reform the curricular:
- Four, there have been major curricular reforms in teaching learning. In
2016, the AAP government noted that there was a nearly 50% failure rate in
Class 9 and admitted that the poor foundational skills of children could be
the reason for it. Special initiatives to ensure that all children learn to
read, write and do basic mathematics was launched and made part of regular
teaching learning activities in schools.
- Similarly, a ‘happiness curriculum’ was introduced for all children
between nursery and Class 8 for their emotional well-being. Further, an
‘entrepreneurship mindset curriculum’ was introduced to develop the
problem-solving and critical thinking abilities of children in Classes 9 to
12. Apart from these new curricular initiatives, the focus on existing
subjects too ensured better performance in Board examinations by Classes 10
No fee hike in private schools:
- Fifth, there was no fee increase in private schools. While the first
four components impacted nearly 34% of children in Delhi’s government
schools, arbitrary fee hikes earlier impacted about 40% children who go to
private schools. In the past, almost all the schools increased their fee
- The government not only ensured the refund of about ₹32 crore to parents
which was excessively charged by private schools, it also ensured that any
fee hike proposal was examined by authorised chartered accountants. Thus,
for two years no school was allowed to raise its fee.
- The syllabus of Classes 1 to 8 will be reviewed to emphasise
foundational learning skills, the ‘happiness curriculum’ and the
- Apart from ensuring that all children can fluently read, write and do
mathematics, the focus will be to build emotional resilience in children and
ensure that they internalise our core constitutional values by the time they
complete eight years of schooling.
- Apart from that, early childhood care and education will be deepened
further through Anganwadis. There will also be nurseries in all government
- A Delhi Education Board will be set up to promote learning that
encourages critical thinking, problem solving and application of knowledge
among children. This will prepare them to tackle the challenges of the 21st
century with an entrepreneurial mindset. Additionally, for those who have
graduated from Delhi schools in the recent past, programmes like spoken
English, soft skills and so on will be initiated to raise their
- Specialised schools will be created in each of the 29 zones of Delhi to
nurture the aptitude and talent of children in the areas of science and
technology, literature and language, visual and performing arts, and sports.
- Now that Delhi has decisively acknowledged education as a top agenda of
- The natural expectation from the government would be to ensure that all
children get education that passes the test of quality, opportunity and
Q.1) With reference to the 15th Finance Commission, consider the following
1. The Commission has reduced the vertical devolution — the share of tax
revenues that the Centre shares with the states — from 42% to 32%.
2. The Commission intends to set up an expert group to initiate a non-lapsable
fund for defence expenditure.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
Q.1) Describe the key components of the Delhi model of education.