THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 12 February 2020 (Video-based identification process (Indian Express))

Video-based identification process (Indian Express)

Mains Paper 3: Science and Tech
Prelims level : Video-based identification process
Mains level : Key findings about the identification process

Context:

  • The RBI amended the KYC norms allowing banks and other lending institutions regulated by it to use Video based Customer Identification Process (V-CIP), a move which will help them onboard customers remotely.
  • The V-CIP, which will be consent-based, will make it easier for banks and other regulated entities to adhere to the RBI's Know Your Customer (KYC) norms by leveraging the digital technology.

Background:

  • Last year, the government had notified amendment to the Prevention of Money-laundering (Maintenance of Records) Rules, 2005.

Key highlights:

  • With a view to leveraging the digital channels for Customer Identification Process (CIP) by Regulated Entities (REs), the Reserve Bank has decided to permit V-CIP as a consent based alternate method of establishing the customer's identity, for customer onboarding.
  • The RBI further said that the regulated entities will have to ensure that the video recording is stored in a safe and secure manner and bears the date and time stamp.
  • Also, "REs are encouraged to take assistance of the latest available technology", including artificial intelligence (AI) and face matching technologies, to ensure the integrity of the process as well as the information furnished by the customer.
  • "However, the responsibility of customer identification shall rest with the RE," the circular on master directions said.
  • The Reserve Bank said it decided to permit video based Customer Identification Process (V-CIP) as a consent based alternate method of establishing the customer's identity, for customer onboarding with a view to leveraging the digital channels for Customer Identification Process (CIP) by REs.
  • As per the circular, the reporting entity should capture a clear image of PAN card to be displayed by the customer during the process, except in cases where e-PAN is provided by the customer.
  • The PAN details should be verified from the database of the issuing authority.
  • Live location of the customer (Geotagging) shall be captured to ensure that customer is physically present in India.

Way forward:

Prelims Questions:

Q.1) With reference to the “unparliamentary” expressions, consider the following statements:
1. Article 105(2) of the Constitution lays down that “no Member of Parliament shall be liable to any proceedings in any court in respect of anything said or any vote given by him in Parliament or any committee thereof”.
2. According to the Rule 380 (“Expunction”) of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha, Speaker while exercising discretion can order that defamatory words be expunged from the proceedings of the House”.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both
(d) None

Answer: C
Mains Questions:

Q.1) Describe the key components of the video based identification process.


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