Matter of interpretation: On NCRB’s
Crime in India Report 2018 (The Hindu)
Mains Paper 3: Defense and Security
Prelims level : NCRB 2018
Mains level : Highlights the NCRB’s Crime in India Report 2018
The National Crime Records Bureau’s 2018 report was unveiled last week.
While the fact that this document has been made available so soon should
be welcomed, this report, as with those for earlier years, carries the
caveat that crime records and statistics are only as good as their
Some States are better than others in tracking and registering crimes.
Key highlights of the report:
Kerala and the National Capital Region having the highest crime rates in
the country — 1463.2 per one lakh population and 1342.5, respectively — is
also a reflection of the fact that crime reporting, follow-up and subsequent
steps in trial and punishment are much better undertaken in these two
Yet, what should be worrying for the capital city region is that unlike
Kerala, the number of cognisable crimes has steadily increased to 2,62,612
in 2018 from 2,16,920 in 2016.
Better reporting could also perhaps explain why there is a 15% increase
in the total crimes against women across all States, but the fact that this
number went up by 66% in a large State such as Uttar Pradesh must because
The crimes against women fell 20.8% after reaching a peak number of
17,222 in Delhi.
The fall in these numbers, corresponding to the general increase in
crimes, could reflect the outcomes of better gender sensitisation in the
Unlike crime numbers that are difficult to interpret due to registration
and policing issues, the number of murders across States is a stark
reflection of violent crime.
The finding in the 2017 NCRB report that northeastern States such as
Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Tripura and Meghalaya have a relatively higher
murder rate compared to most States bears itself out in 2018 as well.
Other States which have a worrisome record here include Jharkhand (4.6
murders per one lakh population, the highest in the country) and Haryana
(3.9). Among cities, Patna (4.4) has an egregious murder rate.
The protests and violence related to them have occupied the news cycle
in the last month or so, data from the report suggest that there has been a
marginal decrease in the total cases related to rioting from 2016 (61,974)
to 2018 (57,828).
Cases related to caste and communal/religious riots, political violence
and agrarian conflicts registered a dip while there was an increase in
industrial rioting and other personal disputes.
Among cases registered as “offences against the State”, there has been
an ominous increase under “sedition” with the number of those booked in 2018
double that of 2016, even as most such cases under this section came under
the “Prevention of Damage of Public Property Act”; Tamil Nadu and Uttar
Pradesh led with nearly half of the overall cases.
Q.1) With reference to the Institute of Teaching and Research in Ayurveda
Jamnagar, consider the following statements: 1. The Union Cabinet approved conferring the status of Institution of
National Importance to a cluster of Ayurvedic institutions at Gujarat Ayurved
University campus in Jamnagar.
2. The elevation of the status of institution will provide it with the autonomy
to upgrade the standard of Ayurveda education, frame various courses in Ayurveda
as per national and international demand.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Q.1) Describe the key highlights of the NCRB report.