In 2019, we need politics that does not
dominate and bully women
Mains Paper 3: Society
Prelims level: Not Much
Mains level: Role of women in Indian parliament as well as Indian Society
- In the matter of
women’s actual political representation in Parliament, India ranks 151
globally among 190 countries.
- Among its eight South Asian neighbors’, India ranks below
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal.
Role of women in Indian politics
- According to the Inter-Parliamentary Forum, as of 2014, India’s
women occupied less than 12 per cent seats both in the Lok Sabha and Rajya
- Even in the state and national decision-making bodies, women
remain hugely underrepresented.
- The present dispensation has long paraded the fact that it has
handed two of the most important portfolios to women defence and external
- Fact is, a proper and active representation matters to all
marginalised groups, including women who form the numerically-largest chunk.
- India Spend, for example, reports that in Tamil Nadu, women in
panchayats, compared to their male counterparts, were found to have
disbursed 48 per cent more public funds in building roads and improving
Four interconnected facets in politics:
- One, women as an elected group are subordinate to the party, which
is mostly or entirely male.
- Two, women are subordinated because of biology.
- Three, women’s primary role is to raise families and any
large-scale induction of women in active politics will mean the end of home
life as India has known it.
- Four, all women share the same biology so they must be treated as
a group, not addressed as individuals.
- In 2019, we need to move beyond reflections about family
relationships and motherhood and women’s inalienable duties to society.
- Till we do that, a politics that does not dominate and bully women
will remain as difficult to envision as a society in which men can no longer
dominate and bully women verbally, physically, politically or economically.
Q.1) Consider the following statements about the evolution of civil
service during the British rule:
1. Limited competition for recruitment of civil servants was introduced by
the Charter Act of 1833.
2. The Charter Act of 1853 made the Indians eligible to compete for the
Covenanted Civil Service.
3. Statutory Civil Service was introduced by Lord Lytton to recruit Indians for
higher posts through nomination.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
Q.1) To increase women empowerment, women
participation in parliament is important. Comment.