Mains Paper 2: Polity
Prelims level : Nagaland NRC
Mains level : Citizenship status across Nagaland
Nagaland is following on the footsteps of its western neighbour,
Assam, in the task of setting up a Register of Indigenous Inhabitants of
Nagaland claims to have watched the process unfold in Assam,
followed it closely, and it will now complete the task of identifying and
registering indigenous inhabitants in less than five months, by December 10,
Lesson from Assam
This is more or less the kind of time-line that was followed by
Assam, which is yet to publish its final NRC a year after the process began.
In two months from July 10, Nagaland hopes to have a list of indigenous
inhabitants, after which it will be published and time given till October 10
to file claims and objections, before finalisation.
It sounds simple, and Nagaland is considerably less populated than
But the Assam experience shows that in the complex demographies of
the Northeastern States, it may not turn out that way.
As many as 40 lakh people were left out of the NRC listing in
Assam, which seemed aimed to filter out ‘illegal immigrants’. Indeed, in
Nagaland, various local attempts have been made to determine non-locals, non
tribals and non-Nagas, and identify what some people refer to as the
‘Illegal Bangladeshi Immigrant’.
Two years ago, a town not farther than 15 km from Dimapur, the
largest city and the commercial capital of the State, passed a resolution to
place curbs on IBIs and devised ways to prevent them from integrating,
living or trading in the town.
When such is the situation on the ground, in an already volatile
region where the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act is routinely extended, it
is best that Nagaland proceeds with caution in this enterprise.
The RIIN should not ultimately become a vehicle to make outsiders
The Assam experiment has no clear end-point. Bangladesh has
repeatedly suggested that the process going on in Assam is “an internal
matter” of India, implying that there is no deportation possibility here.
Other than deepening the existing fault-lines in its own State and
rendering the situation even more volatile, it is unclear what the Nagaland
government hopes to achieve through the exercise. What happens to the people
who are in the end found to be on the wrong side of the Nagland list?
The right to appeal and a humane hearing should be in-built in
The NRC experiment in Assam witnessed extremely divisive political
Other Northeastern states are sure to be watching with keen
interest what is unfolding in Assam and Nagaland. Emotive political issues
cannot be allowed to drive the compiling of a registry of citizens.
Q.1) With reference to the Fast radio bursts (FRBs), consider the
following statements: 1. A team of international astronomers have determined for the first time
the precise source of a single/ one-off fast radio bursts (FRBs).
2. It’s only the second fast radio burst ever to have been traced to a location.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct? A. 1 only
B. 2 only
Q.1) What lesson Nagaland should take note of the minefield that is Assam’s NRC