Deliberate, don’t disrupt: On Budget
session (The Hindu)
Mains Paper 2: Polity
Prelims level: Budget Session
Mains level: Utilization of a meaningful budget session
- One of the most unedifying sights in public life is lawmakers taking to
organised disruption of legislative business.
- In Parliament in the past decade as political parties and legislators
demonstratively advertised their points of view without recourse to debate.
- A number of crucial bills have taken an inordinate time to be enacted
due to disruption, while others were not enacted despite a broad consensus
such as the Women’s Reservation Bill due to the behaviour of a few naysayers.
Incorporate model code of conduct
- Many sessions of Parliament in the recent past saw little business being
done due to repeated disruption.
- In this context, Vice President Venkaiah Naidu’s exhortation to
political parties to incorporate a model code of conduct for their
legislators in State Assemblies and in Parliament is welcome.
- He suggested that the code should include stipulations on members not
entering the well of the House, and desisting from sloganeering and unruly
- If indeed parties adopt a code, it will go a long way in making
parliamentary work meaningful.
- Otherwise, the general public will lose interest in the procedural
aspects of parliamentary democracy and limit their participation to just
voting in the elections.
Questions to a meaningful debate
- The current Budget session sailed through with minimal disruption.
- Yet the high productivity during the session came without sufficient
deliberation over crucial bills, several of which were rushed through
without vetting by parliamentary standing and select committees.
- These committees have in the past been useful in expanding discussion
over laws with civil society and experts from various streams of the larger
- They have also facilitated an enhanced cross-party coordination over
- By not sending a single Bill among the 28 that were introduced and
passed to a standing or select committee for scrutiny, the current session
accentuated the trend that has minimised the importance of such committees
over the last few years.
- Unlike the 15th Lok Sabha (2009-2014), when 71% of the bills were
referred to such committees, in the 16th Lok Sabha, they constituted only a
fourth of the overall number of bills.
- Time spent on debates in the current session in both the Lok Sabha and
Rajya Sabha was barely a third of the overall business.
- This does not augur well for lawmaking.
- As Mr. Naidu has also pointed out correctly, deliberation is an
important component of parliamentary democracy apart from legislation and
accountability of lawmakers.
- All three aspects must cohere for a thoroughgoing procedural democracy.
Q.1) Consider the following statements regarding composition and functions
of the Finance Commission of India:
(1) It is a quasi-judicial body.
(2) It consists of a Chairman and four other members to be appointed by the
(3) Its members are eligible for reappointment.
(4) The Constitution has specified the qualifications of its Chairman andmembers.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Q.1) Define the model code of conduct. How legislators could do well by adhering
to a model code of conduct?