China’s block: on not listing Azhar as
global terrorist (The Hindu)
Mains Paper 1: International Relation
Prelims level: Veto Power
Mains level: India-China tussle power
- China’s decision to block the listing of Jaish-e-Mohammad chief
Masood Azhar as a global terrorist at the UN Security Council is both a
setback to India’s post-Pulwama diplomatic strategy and a reality check on
ties with China at present.
- After the February 14 attack, claimed by the JeM, the government
had made the listing of Azhar a focus in its diplomatic efforts.
- It reached out to several governments, and shared a dossier on
Azhar with each member of the Security Council, who are all members of the
1267 ISIL and al-Qaeda sanctions committee.
- A special effort was made with Beijing, which has blocked the
Azhar listing in the past, including just after the 2008 Mumbai attacks.
From 2016 to 2018.
India’s proposal on ban
- India’s proposals to list Azhar, with evidence of JeM involvement
in the Pathankot airbase attack, were also foiled by China, which placed
holds on the listing, and then vetoed it.
- The vetoes came despite the fact that the JeM is banned, and in
the UNSC listing it is noted that Azhar, as its leader and founder, accepted
funds from Osama bin Laden.
- China, as the one country that has refused to allow Azhar’s name
on the list, is well aware of the evidence against him, but is not ready to
withdraw its objections.
- It is clear that despite India-China relations improving after the
Wuhan summit in April 2018, China is unwilling to align itself with India on
its concerns on cross-border terrorism emanating from Pakistan.
Significance of the China’s move
- China’s stand is regrettable and condemnable, and it has been
consistent on this issue. New Delhi must now consider whether it wishes to
accept this as a fait accompli, or confront Beijing to try to persuade it to
change its stand by means of incentives or coercion.
- This is a challenge, as any kind of concerted international
pressure from the Western countries in this regard has in the past only
served to be counterproductive.
- It is also unlikely that the suggestions being offered by some
political groups, of cutting imports from China and other punitive actions,
will yield much.
- The government may be more successful if it identifies the
incentives it can offer China in the next few months to review its position.
- While some of those incentives would be bilateral, the Chinese
spokesperson’s hint that dialogue between New Delhi and Islamabad, and even
possible “triangular” talks including Beijing, is indicative of China’s
- The government must also not lose sight of the bigger picture:
that the UNSC cannot enforce its own listings, and other leaders who have
been sanctioned in the past remain free and unencumbered.
- While listing Azhar at the UNSC is an unfinished task, the larger
issue remains: to ensure that Pakistan takes substantive action against
Azhar, the JeM and other terror groups that are threatening India.
- China, with its economic and strategic leverage with Pakistan, may
be better-placed to help in this matter.
Q.1) "The pocket of the Indian President is bigger than that of American
President." Which among the following statements justifies the remark?
(a) Indian President can withhold his assent to a bill while American
(b) Indian President can return the bill for reconsideration of Parliament while
American President cannot.
(c) Indian President enjoys absolute veto while American President does not.
(d) Indian President can keep the bill pending for indefinite period while
American President has to return the bill to the Congress within 10 days.
Q.1) Its decision on Masood Azhar is shocking but India must keep up
persuasive diplomacy. Comment.