THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 18 February 2020 (An Indian army that can now be led by a woman (Mint))

An Indian army that can now be led by a woman (Mint)

Mains Paper 3: Defense and Security
Prelims level: Not much
Mains level: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Context:

  • A female general at the helm of the force is no longer beyond the realm of possibility thanks to a far-sighted ruling of the Supreme Court that finally lets women take roles of command.

Background:

  • It has been a long time in the making. But, more than half a millennium after the execution of Joan of Arc for challenging a male monopoly on warfare in Europe, a century-and-a-half after India’s own Rani of Jhansi led troops into a battle for freedom, and some 40 years after the exploits of an outlaw called Phoolan Devi showed how a brave woman could lead a squad of armed men.

Impact of the Supreme Court ruling:

  • The Supreme Court has ruled that there were no valid reasons for the Indian Army to keep its positions of command out of female reach.
  • The judgement was partly in response to complaints filed by women officers barred from roles that involved the active direction of military resources.
  • Recruited on a temporary basis, they must now be granted permanent commission if they so wish, and also be made eligible for the same promotions as their male counterparts.
  • The top court’s Monday order extends a 2010 ruling of the Delhi high court that asked for permanent appointments of women in the Indian Army and Indian Air Force.
  • Many were appointed after that, but typically not in combat units. They did not get leadership responsibilities that could have seen them ascend the hierarchy of power.
  • Now that the court has intervened squarely in favour of gender equality, it is for the army to acknowledge the hollowness of the arguments advanced on its behalf by the government in its failed attempt to retain the status quo.

Role of the government:

  • The government’s most obtuse submission in court was its reference to physiological aspects, which it claimed would limit the ability of women to perform well in roles of command.
  • That such an assertion could be made at all is appalling. There is ample evidence that the required skill sets were gender-neutral.
  • The equation of military abilities with physical masculinity draws upon false notions. It also reeks of sexism.
  • The Centre’s resistance to women in command was also mounted on the assumptions that male soldiers were not ready to obey them, given the social milieu they’re from, and that the presence of females could have an adverse impact on group dynamics within army teams.
  • Many men in uniform often argue that these considerations deserve careful consideration for entirely practical reasons.

Way ahead:

  • In the army, they say, nobody reaches a higher rank without going through the paces, and a commanding officer of a platoon must lead from the front—right into the field of battle, if need be.
  • Soldiers who are culturally hardwired to shield women are unlikely to let a woman lead a charge in a truly dangerous situation, according to them.
  • Also, they add, a lady at the helm could result in rivalry among men for her attention that could harm a unit’s solidarity.

Conclusion:

  • The qualms that men in the army are said to have about women commanders can surely be overcome.
  • What cannot be cast aside under any circumstance is the right of every woman to pursue a career of her choice and reach the top.
  • Equality is a constitutional guarantee. And, as army Chief General M.M. Naravane recently declared, the armed forces owe their allegiance to the Constitution.

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Prelims Questions:

Q.1) Which of the following are the steps taken by the Union Government to minimize import of steel?
1. Establishment of Steel Research and Technology Mission of India (SRTMI).
2. Imposed Anti-Dumping Duty on a number of steel products imports.
3. Steel Imports Monitoring System (SIMS) to monitor steel imports.

Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) All the above

Ans: D
Mains Questions:
Q.1) Should women be given command posts in the Army? Comment.


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