Machines are now formally part of
knowledge economy (The Hindu)
Mains Paper 3: Science and Tech
Prelims level: Artificial intelligence
Mains level: Copyright protection to AI-generated content
- A recent Chinese court ruling marks a great leap forward for artificial
- The People’s Court of Nanshan District of Shenzhen has ruled that that
content created by an AI programme is protected by copyright laws, and the
makers of the AI programme hold the intellectual property rights for the
- This appears to be the world’s first case involving IPRs and artificial
intelligence — the nuts and bolts of business of the future.
- The court has held that Shanghai Yingxun Technology Company’s act last
year of reproducing an article written by Dreamwriter AI Writing Robot,
owned by tech giant Tencent, comes under the purview of copyright breach.
- It has asked the company to pay a fine of 1,500 yuan ($216).
- This ruling comes at a juncture in the evolution of AI when lawmakers,
companies, IP rights activists and technologists from myriad geographies are
engaged in intricate and intense debates over how intellectual contributions
and creations from AI should be treated, especially in the content industry.
Tencent article’s eligibility for copyright cover:
- The Shenzhen court said the article’s form of expression conforms to the
requirements of written work, its structure was reasonable, the logic was
clear and it had a “certain originality”.
- The ruling also means work authored by a non-human can be or should be
treated at par with a work created by human intelligence.
- This poses a volley of philosophical and ethical questions. The
advancements in deep tech, especially machine learning, have blurred lines
between the creativity of humans and machines.
- The answers will have long-lasting ramifications for society, business
and policy. That the court intervention comes from China is also
- The country is an AI front-runner with its companies having applied so
far for over 4,50,000 (and counting) AI patents .
- Tencent, ranked second in terms of the number of AI-related patent
applications with more than 4,115 filings, has been using AI to produce
content for nearly five years.
- In all likelihood, the China court ruling will be emulated by IP courts
elsewhere and the results can influence the legality, distribution and
ownership of AI products and services.
- But companies and courts must apply caution while super-imposing ‘human’
rights into AI and try to approach such issues on a case-by-case basis. The
inclusive reach of technology and the greater common good must stay
Q.1) With reference to the manual scavenging, consider the following
1. It is banned under the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and
their Rehabilitation Act, 2013.
2. According to National Commission for Safai Karamcharis, the number of people
who died while cleaning sewers and septic tanks in the country decreased by
almost 62% in 2019 as compared to 2018.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) None of the above
Q.1) The China court ruling that gave copyright protection to AI-generated
content opens many doors, but also poses a volley of questions. Critically