Ten years on: on end of Sri Lanka civil
war (The Hindu)
Mains Paper 2: International Relations
Prelims level: Sri Lanka civil war
Mains level: Impact of Sri Lanka civil war
As Sri Lanka completes 10 years since the brutal and decisive war
against Tamil militants came to an end, it must be acknowledged that the
country has not achieved much tangible progress towards ethnic
reconciliation, accountability for war-time excesses and constitutional
reform that includes a political solution.
The fruits of peace are limited to the revival of economic activity, but
the pervasive grievances of the Tamil minority remain.
Some progress has been made in resettlement and rehabilitation, but
Many say their land continues to be held by the military, which also
controls huge swathes of state-owned land. Preliminary steps were taken
towards forging a new Constitution, but the process seems to be at a
There is no sense of closure for families affected by the disappearance
of thousands over the years.
Office on Missing Persons
The creation of an ‘Office on Missing Persons’ has not inspired enough
There is no mechanism to secure justice for those massacred in the
closing stages of the war.
What continues is the fractious politics of leaders of the national
Jockeying for power has overshadowed the promise of good governance,
economic growth and a push towards a constitutional settlement.
Half the period since the end of the war was marked by triumphalism and
also warding off international pressure for an inquiry into possible war
The year 2015 brought to power a new regime, a fresh promise of
democratic governance, and the infusion of a spirit of political and
Any reckoning at the end of 10 years would possibly have been marked by
a tabulation of peace-time gains and failures.
The Easter Sunday bombings have taken the country back to the time when
terrorism was the dominant theme.
This time, there is no real ‘underlying cause’ to address; no group or
organisation to talk to; and no tangible political grievances to redress.
The serial blasts, executed by fanatical elements apparently inspired by
the Islamic State, may be a flashpoint for a fresh round of inter-ethnic and
Already there was some indication last week when Sinhala mobs attacked
predominantly Muslim villages in waves, destroying property and threatening
the people. Anti-terrorism laws and emergency regulations are back in full
The biggest adverse fallout is that a new dimension has been given to
inter-ethnic suspicions that may deepen distrust among communities.
As prospects of accountability for past crimes and constitutional reform
recede, some sections, including the incumbent regime, may believe economic
development may be enough to propel the country forward.
But when tensions persist among communities, nothing can make up for the
absence of reconciliation and trust among all sections.
Sri Lanka needed a shared sense of nationhood among all its peoples more
than it does now.
Q.1) Consider the following statements about Kelp: 1. They are large brown algae seaweeds which grow in shallow oceans.
2. It has a high rate of growth in contrast to corals.
3. Kelps do not need sunlight to produce their own food.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1 and 3 only
Q.1) Is one decade of peace enough to undo the devastating effects of a
civil war that lasted nearly three decades?