Artificial Human (Indian Express)
Mains Paper 3:Science and Tech
Prelims level: NEON
Mains level: Robo technology and artificial human development
- Samsung backed STARLabs has recently introduced what it calls the
world’s first ‘Artificial Human’called NEON - the word derives from NEO
(new) + humaN.
- NEON is described as a computationally created virtual being that looks
and behaves like a realhuman, with the ability to show emotions and
- Currently, NEONs don’t have a physical embodiment, but rather, are
digitally composed nextgeneration artificial intelligent entities.
- Even though NEONs are virtual, they can exhibit the most important
aspects of human capabilities:the ability to communicate with human affect,
the ability to learn from experiences, and the ability toform new memories.
Difference from Virtual Assistants:
- NEON is not a virtual assistant or a bot which gives answers to
questions like what’s the weather.NEONs are also not androids, surrogates,
copies of real humans or an interface to the Internet to askfor cricket
updates or to play one’s favourite music.
- Virtual Assistants now learn from all the data they are plugged into,
while NEONs will be limited towhat they know and learn. Their learning could
potentially be limited to the person they are cateringto and maybe their
friends — but not the entire Internet.
- They will be built to become friends, collaborators, and companions,
continually learning, evolving,and forming memories from their interactions.
Functioning of Neons:
- There are two core technologies behind NEONs. First, there is the
proprietary CORE R3 technologywhere R3 stands for Reality, Realtime and
- CORE R3 leapfrogs in the domains of Behavioral Neural Networks,
Evolutionary GenerativeIntelligence and Computational Reality, and is
extensively trained on how humans look, behave and interact. But in the end,
it is like a rendition engine, converting the mathematical models to look
- CORE R3 can computationally create lifelike reality that is beyond
normal perception to distinguish.With a latency of less than a few
milliseconds, CORE R3 makes it possible for NEONs to react andrespond in
- The next stage will be SPECTRA, which will complement CORE R3 with the
“spectrum of intelligence,learning, emotions and memory”. But SPECTRA is
still in development, and is not expected until laterthis year.
- StarLabs does not want NEONs to have collective memory, or to share data
among themselves. So, what is known to one NEON cannot be useful for
another. The idea is to have a small network that can live independently.
- Further, no one except the person and the NEON can ever have access to
the interactions, and theprivate data will never be shared without
- Although Artificial Humans may borrow the likeness of or are modelled
after real people, each NEONhas his or her own unique personality and can
show new expressions, movements, and dialogs.
- In the near future, one will be able to license or subscribe to a NEON
as a service representative, afinancial advisor, a healthcare provider, or a
concierge and over time, NEONs are meant to work asTV anchors, spokespeople,
or movie actors.
- The plan is to continue developing the CORE R3 engine, and to beta
launch NEON in the real world withselected partners from around the world
but a physical embodiment for NEONs is not envisioned anytime in the near
future, as the technology is not in the realm of the possible atleast for
the next 25-30years.
- In the long run however, it is expected that NEONs will integrate with
the world and serve as newlinks to a better future, a world where humans are
humans and ‘machines are humane.
Q.1) With reference to the private member’s Bill, consider the following
1. Bills introduced by private members are referred to as private member’s
Bills and those introduced by ministers are called government Bills.
2. It can be introduced and discussed on any day.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) None of the above
Q.1) Starlabs has recently launched NEONs. What are NEONs? Throw light on their
functioningwhile delineating their difference from virtual assistants.