Corridor of hope: On the Kartarpur
Mains Paper 1: International Relations
Prelims level: Kartarpur proposal
Mains level: India and its neighborhood- relations
- The announcement by India and Pakistan of plans to operationalise
a visa-free corridor between Dera Baba Nanak in Indian Punjab and Kartarpur
Sahib in Pakistan’s Punjab heeds a longstanding plea of Sikh pilgrims.
- That demand had gathered pace in 1995, when Pakistan renovated the
Kartarpur gurdwara, situated on the site on the bank of the Ravi where the
founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, spent his last 18 years.
- Leaders from both sides, including Prime Ministers Atal Bihari
Vajpayee and Benazir Bhutto, had pushed for it.
- In their effort to facilitate travel by Sikhs to important shrines
on both sides of the border, they were also alert to the potential of such a
move to heal ties amongst their people, and promote dialogue between the two
- Given its easy logistics, the 4-km-long Kartarpur corridor is a
low-hanging fruit as a meaningful confidence-building measure.
- The announcement now is particularly timely, with the 550th birth
anniversary of Guru Nanak falling in November 2019.
- The initiative can also become a template for cross-border
exchanges based on faith, which could provide a balm for many communities
such as Kashmiri Pandits, who have long asked for access to visit the Sharda
Peeth in the Neelum Valley in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir; Sufis in Pakistan
who wish to visit the dargah of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer,
Rajasthan; and Sikhs in India and Pakistan wanting to visit important
shrines on both sides of the border.
- It will depend on how quickly India and Pakistan act on their
commitment, once President Ram Nath Kovind lays the foundation stone at the
corridor’s India end on November 26, and Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan
does so at the other end on November 28.
- Even more will depend on how the two governments manage their
relationship in a way that avoids making pilgrims a pawn in bilateral
tensions. Recently, there was an ugly and unnecessary controversy when
Pakistan Army Chief Qamar Javed Bajwa revived the Kartarpur proposal in a
conversation with Navjot Singh Sidhu, a Minister in the Congress government
in Punjab, at Mr. Khan’s swearing-in ceremony in August.
- This had set back bilateral ties, threatening progress on the
- It is important that issues related to the corridor are managed in
a non-political manner and details left to diplomats and officials to sort
out the issue of Indian consular access to pilgrims, which flared up on
- The Kartarpur project will compel India and Pakistan to engage in
a positive and purposeful manner, at a time when few other avenues for
- It is a reminder that dialogue and search for areas of concord are
the only way forward for both countries.
Q.1) Consider the following about Nuclear Triad.
1. A triad consists of nuclear weapons delivery by aircraft, ballistic missiles
and submarine launched missiles.
2. India is the only country other than USA to have a nuclear triad.
3. Completing a nuclear triad is a pre-requisite for membership of Missile
Technology Control Regime (MTCR) for non-signatories of NPT.
Select the correct answer using the codes below.
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 1 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1 and 3 only
Q.1) Critically evaluate the movement on the Kartarpur proposal is timely
and potentially game-changing.