THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 25 February 2020 ( Man with wild (Indian Express))

 Man with wild (Indian Express)

Mains Paper 3:Environment
Prelims level: Mhadei
Mains level: Human animal conflict and resolve the issues related to it


  • The death of four tigers in Mhadei, Goa, and the reported arrest of the locals who poisoned the animals after their complaints were not attended to in a way it should have been.
  • Pramod Sawant, the chief minister of Goa, reportedly said that, “we will demarcate and fence the borders of the wildlife sanctuaries” in order to end 80 per cent of the problem. Although the intentions are good, this isn’t a solution. Tigers do not understand boundaries made for administrative purposes. What happens when a tiger goes “outside” and kills cattle?

India in wildlife conservation:

  • India is a unique country with respect to wildlife conservation. Despite a billion people we still have most of our large wildlife species. Compared to relatively lower human density countries in south-east Asia.
  • India today has the largest population of the tiger, Asian elephant, leopard, sloth bear, gaur and many others: These animals cannot be restricted to inside a few hundred kilometres of protected areas.
  • Tigers need large spaces because they are large animals. Because we cannot create large spaces without humans in India, wildlife does not have a choice but to also use human-use landscapes.

Way forward:

  • The compensation procedures need to be improved. The communication and interaction between the forest department and the locals has to be improved.
  • Inclusive development with a long-term vision that cares for the environment. It is about better public services in terms of transparency, accountability and genuine assistance.
  • After all, we are talking about communities who need to be custodians of the tigers and tigers who can, in turn, provide the communities much-needed development in remote areas.

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    General Studies Pre. Cum Mains Study Materials

Prelims Questions:

Q.1) With reference to the Battle of Çanakkale/ Gallipoli, consider the following statements:
1. It is considered to be one of the bloodiest of World War II.
2. It was a costly defeat for the Allies and the campaign was considered a great Ottoman victory.

Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) None of the above

Ans: B
Mains Questions:

Q.1) In current times, man animal conflict is a reality we have to deal with and thus proactive measures are required for a healthy human animal interface. Examine.