THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 28 August 2020 An air-tight case (The Hindu)

An air-tight case (The Hindu)

Mains Paper 3: Security
Prelims level: Pulwama attack case charge sheet
Mains level: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security


  • A year and a half before the dastardlyterror attack on a Central Reserve Police Force convoy in Pulwama killed 40 personnel.
  • The National Investigation Agency has filed a charge sheet against 19 people including Maulana Masood Azhar, the leader of the terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed, for planning the attack.

Role of JeM:

  • Considering the difficulties in piecing together the minutiae in the case, the agency’s painstaking effort must be acknowledged.
  • The identity of the key perpetrators was never in doubt after the JeM claimed responsibility immediately after the attack in February 2019.
  • The charge sheet details the role of the JeM’s handlers and its local associates in Kashmir and how the attack was in the works since 2016.
  • The JeM’s role was in reconnaissance, training and indoctrination, but the group could not have procured and transported the high-intensity explosives without the involvement of the Pakistani security establishment.
  • The chargesheet’s investigation, based on forensic evidence — DNA analysis of the remains of the suicide bomber, IP address tracking of the video released by the JeM claiming responsibility, examination of the battered vehicle that carried the explosives, among others.
  • Therefore makes a thorough claim on JeM’s and Pakistan’s role in the attack.
  • The Pulwama attack was followed by the bombing of a “terror training centre” in Balakot in Pakistan by the Indian Air Force and retaliatory air strikes by Pakistan.
  • These have resulted in a breakdown of diplomatic ties and deteriorationof every aspect of relations between the countries.
  • But the Pulwama investigation could present an opportunity for Pakistan to initiate meaningful changes in its approach towards cross-border terror.

Re-evaluating strategy:

  • Further clarity emerges on the JeM’s and Pakistan’s role in the Pulwama attacks.
  • For the Indian government, the charge sheet presents a case not just for detailing the dastardly role of Pakistan and its proxy actors in Kashmir, but to re-evaluate its strategy.
  • The involvement of a local Kashmiri youth in the attack as a suicide bomber, years after militancy had waned in the Valley, was also a warning about the alienationsetting into the Valley.
  • The abrogationof J&K’s special status, the bifurcationof the State and the demotion of J&K as a Union Territory; the detention of scores of political leaders including mainstream actors; and the continuing restrictions on access to broadband Internet have deepened the alienation.


Prelims Questions:

Q.1)With reference to the hallmarking of precious metals, consider the following statements:

1. The Union Minister for Consumer Affairs launched the online system of Registration and Renewal of Jewellers and online system of recognition and renewal of the Assaying and Hallmarking Centres.
2. Now BIS Hallmark of gold jewellery will be issued for three categories only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Mains Questions:

Q.1) Examine the role of JeM on Pulwama attack. Also examine the role of Pakistan in regarding the state sponsored terrorism.