civilization advances culture declines :
time immemorial, human race has been making efforts towards civilization. From
cave dwellers to modern day's concrete jungle dwellers, it has been a journey of
development and change for human race. Civilization, as defined in most
dictionaries, is a social process where societies evolve to higher levels of
development. The process through which the Stone Age man evolved into the man of
21st century over thousands of years, is what civilization is all about.
on the other hand, is more of a by-product of civilization. In the process of
civilization, different groups of people developed a way of life unique to
themselves. This way of life is the culture of that particular group of people.
That is how we have different cultures in different countries. The word culture
could also mean development of the human mind to higher levels of thinking,
refinement of the individual. These two meanings of culture are one and the same
conceptually. The culture or way of life of a group is determined by the levels
of refinement of the human minds constituting the group.
and culture are often the most widely discussed topics, particularly since the
dawn of the 21st century. This has been necessitated because never before has
human civilization and culture been subject to such rapidly changing scenarios,
thanks to the giant leaps that human race is taking towards technological
advancements. Cultural changes are bound to happen as people all over world are
inter-mingling and new thinking is evolving. We see new changes in culture and
life styles every alternate day. All this is part of civilization of human race,
which is a never ending process.
our today's world, we constantly hear about deterioration of cultural values,
about the benefit of advances in civilization at the cost of human values,
rights and peace. We are pitied at leading mechanical lives and always speak
about the glorious past. Our own advancements in civilization are looked upon as
a bane to the very human race that made those advancements. "Where is the
world heading?" - this is one question everyone seems to be asking these
days. That is why, it has become a common notion that as civilization advances
is where, may be a change of the line of thinking would help in putting things
in the right perspective. Civilization, as mentioned earlier, is a never ending
process. Human race was never meant to remain static, dynamism is inbuilt in
human beings. We, humans, have an undying thirst for change, to explore new
ideas, to venture into unknown areas. It is this thirst that has lead to all the
inventions and discoveries over thousands of years. At every stage, whenever
there were changes in civilization, cultural changes walked hand in hand.
Cultural changes happened during every phase of history be it the Stone Age,
Iron and the Bronze Age. Changes happened during the Industrial Revolution,
changes happened during every country's struggle for liberation and changes are
bound to happen as we enter into a whole new era of advancements in civilization
of the 21st century.
the case of India. We say Indian culture is declining and we Indians are losing
our culture, meaning, we are losing their values. Was there one unique Indian
culture since the planet Earth came into being? No, Indian culture or the Indian
way of life, like every group of human beings evolved and changed over
centuries. The earliest known culture of the Harappan Civilization changed over
the centuries with the raise of the Aryan civilization. It changed again with
the raise and fall of every ancient kingdom. More changes came from the medieval
kingdoms and finally through the British rule. At every stage, Indian culture
did not decline; it only absorbed the new features of every phase of
civilization and is where it stands today.
cultural decline that we talk about today, is actually not a decline, it is an
evolution of existing culture into a new form. Why then do we suddenly talk
about cultural declination with advancements in civilization?
basic point could be because, today, we think we have reached highest points of
civilization and that is why we turn back to look at the journey of human race
over time and pin point the culture we have lost in the process of civilization.
However, we should remember that, advancement in civilization is the very
essence of human nature and civilization is bound to keep going further and
further. The cultural changes that occur as a consequence are not something to
be looked upon with despair but they are something to be welcomed since they are
a proof of the advancements that human race is making.
have to accept that change is inevitable as we make progress. Either we face
advancements in civilization and the consequent changes in culture or remain
static where we are today and prevent culture from "declining". Once
we are able to accept the fact that culture changes as civilization grows, we
would find that many of our grievances are resolved. If today's life seems
mechanical, it is because machines have become an integral part of life. If
early man welcomed the invention of wheels to make his life easier and thereby
accepted the changes in culture as a result of it, we too should welcome changes
that our new inventions bring along with them. If invention of wheel was a new
level in civilization for humans, centuries ago, our technological advancements
mean a new level in our civilization. If our ancient men had not invented the
wheel or cultivated land or the use of iron, we would not have been what we are
today. At every stage of civilization and changes in culture, even those ancient
times, someone would have looked back to think the advancements in civilization
brought about a decline in culture but that never stopped people from thinking
higher and it never will.
conclusion, that which changes is what we call civilization, it would not be
civilization if things remained the same. Culture, which is the result of
civilization is bound to change as its parent changes. Culture never changes for
the good or for the bad, it depends on the perspective of the individual dealing
with it. As civilization advances, culture does not decline, it plainly evolves.