Recruitment of candidates to Army, Navy and
Air force wings of the National Defence Academy (NDA), is through National
Defence Academy Entrance Exam which is held twice a year, generally in the month
of April and September. NDA exam is conducted by the UPSC. A candidate must be
an unmarried male. The course of training is for three years.
The candidate is required to give his
preference for the service he wishes to join, however the final decision also
depends on the rank he secures in the merit list. The candidate should first
decide their preference for the two academies i.e. National Defence Academy and
Naval Academy (Executive Branch) . If a candidate opts for NDA as his first
choice, he has to then give his preferences for the three wings of the NDA i.e.
Army, Navy, Air force, followed by his preference for Naval Academy.
Alternatively, if he gives his first preference for Naval Academy, he has to
follow it with his preference for the three wings of the NDA.
Age and marital status
A candidate must be an unmarried male and
have attained the age of 16 1/2 years and must not have attained the age 19
years on the 1st January or 1st of July of the year succeeding the year of
Candidates must not marry until they complete their full training. A candidate
who marries subsequent to the date of his application, though successful will
not be selected for training.
A candidate who marries during training shall be discharged and will be liable
to refund all expenditure incurred on him by the Government.
For Army Wing of National Defence Academy: 12th Class pass of 10+2
pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a
State Education Board or a University.
(2) For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and for
the 10+2 (Executive Branch) course at the Naval Academy: 12th Class pass
of the 10+2 pattern of a School Education or equivalent with Physics and
Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University.
Candidates who are appearing in the 12th Class under the 10+2 pattern of
School Education or equivalent examination can also apply.
Blank application forms and other
particulars are published by UPSC in leading newspapers and Employment News in
the month of March and September. A candidate seeking admission must apply to
The Secretary, UPSC, Dholpur House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi- 110069
on prescribed application form. The application forms are available on payment
from any of the designated post office throughout the country.
In case of any difficulty in application
forms from the designated post offices the candidates can contact the concerned
post master or UPSC's "Forms Supply Monitoring Cell". Phone : 011- 23389366 Fax
Plan of the Examination
The examination comprises:
(i) Written Examination
(ii) Intelligence, obstacles and Group Tests by Services Selection Board of the
candidates, who qualify the written examination.
The subjects of the written examination, the
time allowed and the maximum marks allotted to each subject will be as follows:
General Ability Test (English, General Knowledge and Science)
The papers in all subjects will consist of
OBJECTIVE-TYPE questions only.
The question papers (Test Booklets) will be set in
Centres of examination are
Agartala, Ahmedabad, Aizawl, Allahabad,
Bangalore, Bareilly, Bhopal, Calcutta, Chandigarh, Chennai, Cochin, Cuttack,
Delhi, Dharwar, Dispur (Guwahati), Gangtok, Hyderabad, Imphal, Itanagar, Jaipur,
Jammu, Jorhat, Kavaratti (Lakshadweep), Kohima, Lucknow, Madurai, Mumbai,
Nagpur, Panaji (Goa), Patna, Port Blair, Raipur, Sambalpur, Shillong, Shimla,
Srinagar, Tirupati, Trivandrum, Udaipur and Vishakhapatnam. The centres and the
date of holding the examination are liable to be changed at the discretion of
Those who qualify the written test, has to
undergo an interview. The objective of the interview is to assess the personal
suitability of the candidate.
Intelligence and Personality Test:
In addition to the interview, the candidates
will be put to intelligence test of both verbal and non-verbal nature, designed
to assess their basic intelligence. They also have to undergo group tests, such
as group discussions, group-planning, outdoor group tasks and asked to give
brief lecturers on specified subjects. All these tests are intended to judge the
mental caliber of a candidate.
Syllabus of NDA Exam
Number Systems-Natural numbers, Integers,
Rational and Real numbers. Fundamental operations-addition, subtraction,
multiplication, division, square roots, decimal fractions.
Unitary method-time and distance, time and
work. Percentage-applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss,
ratio and proportion, variation.
Elementary Number Theory, Division algorithm
Prime and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11.
Multiples and factors. Factorization Theorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M. Euclidean
algorithm. Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms.
Areas of squares, rectangles,
parallelograms, triangle and circles. Area of figures, which can be split up
into these figures (Field Book). Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral
surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders. Surface area and
volume of spheres.
Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder
Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M. of polynomials. Solutions of quadratic equations,
relation between its roots and coefficients (only real roots to be considered).
Simultaneous linear equations to two unknown analytical and graphical solutions.
Practical problems leading to two
simultaneous linear equations in two variables or quadratic equations in one
variable and their solutions. Set language and set notation. Rational expression
and conditional identities. Law of indices.
Lines and angles. Plane and plane figure.
Properties of angles at a point
Sides and angles of a triangle
Congruency of triangles
Concurrence of medians and altitudes
Properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle
Circles and their properties including tangents and normals
Sine x, Cosine x, Tangent x when 0° < x <
Value of sin x, cos x and tan x for x = 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°. Simple
Use of trigonometrical tables.
Simple cases of heights and distances.
Collection and tabulation of statistical
data. Graphical representation, frequency polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie
charts, etc. Calculation of mean of raw and grouped data.
General Ability Test
Part A -English
The question paper in English will be
designed to test the candidate's understanding of English and workmanlike use of
words. The syllabus covers various aspects like: Grammar and usage, vocabulary,
comprehension and cohesion in extended texts to test the candidate's proficiency
Part B -General Knowledge
The question paper on General Knowledge will
broadly cover the subjects: Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies,
Geography and Current Events.
The syllabus given below is designed to
indicate the scope of these subjects included in the paper. The topics mentioned
are not to be regarded as exhaustive and questions on topics of similar nature
not specifically mentioned in the syllabus may also be asked. Candidate's
answers are expected to show their knowledge and intelligent understanding of
Section A -Physics
Physical Properties and States of Matter.
Mass Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes,
Motion of Objects: Velocity and
Acceleration. Newton's Laws of Motion. Force and Momentum. Parallelogram of
Forces. Stability and Equilibrium of bodies. Gravitation, elementary ideas of
Work, Power and Energy.
Effects of Heat: Measurements of Temperature
and Heat, change of State, and Latent Heat. Modes of transference of Heat.
Sound waves and their properties. Simple
Rectilinear propagation of Light. Reflection
Spherical mirrors and lenses. Human Eye.
Natural and Artificial Magnets : Properties
of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet.
Static and Current Electricity: Conductors
and Nonconductors. Ohm's Law. Simple Electrical Circuits. Heating, Lighting and
Magnetic effects of Current. Measurement of Electrical Power. Primary and
Secondary Cells. Use of X-rays.
General Principles in the working of the
following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps,
Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone,
Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner's Compass, Lightning Conductors.
Section B -Chemistry
Physical and Chemical changes. Elements,
Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations. Law of
Chemical Combination [excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water.
Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen,
Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction.
Acids, Bases and Salts.
Carbon-different forms. Fertilizers-Natural and Artificial.
Materials used in the preparations of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper,
Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gunpowder.
Elementary ideas about the Structure of
Atom. Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights. Valency.
Section C -General Science
Difference between the living and
Basis of Life-Cells, Protoplasm's and
Growth and Reproduction in Plants and
Elementary knowledge of human body and its
important organs. Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.
Food-Source of energy for man. Constituents
of food Balanced diet.
The Solar System-Meteors and Comets,
Achievements of Eminent Scientists.
Section D -History, Freedom
A broad survey of Indian History, with
emphasis on Culture and Civilization.
Freedom Movement in India.
Elementary study of Indian Constitution and
Elementary knowledge of Five-Year Plans of India.
Panchayati Raj, Cooperatives and Community Development.
Bhoodan. Sarvodaya. National Integration and Welfare State.
Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.
Forces shaping the modern world:
Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery. War of American Independence. French
Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and
Technology on Society. Concept of One World, United Nations, Panchsheel,
Democracy. Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the Present world.
Section E -Geography
The Earth, its shape and size. Latitudes and
Longitudes. Concept of Time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and
Origin of Earth. Rocks and their
classification. Weathering Mechanical and Chemical. Earthquakes and Volcanoes.
Ocean Currents and Tides.
Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature
and Atmospheric Pressure; Planetary Winds; Cyclones and Anticyclones; Humidity,
Condensation and Precipitation: Types of Climate. Major Natural regions of the
Regional Geography of India-Climate, Natural
vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of
agricultural and industrial activities.
Important Sea Ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of
Imports and Exports of India.
Section F -Current Events
Knowledge of important events that have happened in India in the recent years.
Current important world events. Prominent personalities-both Indian and
International, including those connected with the cultural activities and