UPSC Interview By Gokul G R
Name: Gokul G R
Time : 35 Minutes
My interview was scheduled for the afternoon session on the 4th of April
2011. After the document verification, by around 14.15 hrs, we were told that we
will be interviewed by the board chaired by the UPSC member I.M.G. Khan. I was
the last candidate in the list.
I entered the interview room by around 16.50 hrs. This is the transcript of
Me: May I come in, Sir?
The chairman asked me to come in. The room and the table were quite small. So
I had a hard time distinguishing the chairman from the five members.
I got in wishing the chairman, lady member and the other members Good
afternoon. But before I could finish the niceties, chairman was asking me to sit
down. He seemed very cordial and the mood in the board was surprisingly fresh
even at the end of the day. I sat down saying ‘Thank you’
Chairman: So you are Gokul?
Me: Yes sir, Gokul G.R
Ch: I will call you Gokul. Will that be fine? (smiling)
Me: Yes sir that will be fine. ( me too smiling)
Ch: Gokul, you have taken Physics as an optional. Are you going against the
trend as we see a lot of engineers and science graduates taking non-science
Me: Sir, physics is a subject that I have been studying form my school days.
It is the most familiar subject for me and I like it. I wanted to take a subject
that I would enjoy studying.
Ch: (going through my bio-data): So you passed out from NITC with first class
with distinction. Some chap came to a place near Calicut some time back no? Who
I was confused and thought for a fraction of a second when I knew he was
talking about Vasco Da Gama…
Me: Vasco Da Gama sir. It was in 1498. He landed at a place called Kappad. It
is quite near to my college.
Ch: The beach has a memorial saying this is where he landed. Have you seen
Me: I have been to the beach twice. It is a rocky beach. But I don’t remember
seeing the monument.
Ch: It’s a small monument which says ‘this is the spot where….’ (the other
members nod at this)
Me: sorry sir. I don’t remember seeing the monument.
Ch: Why did he have to find a route through the sea?
Me: I don’t exactly remember the details but the land route was blocked by
Ch: No No that’s not possible. They could have found some other route.
Me: Sea route is cheaper and it also facilitates large scale trade.
Ch: Yes. Besides don’t you think it is safer? Taking the land route they
would have to come through hostile territories and through bandits and
hooligans. But again they face pirates in the sea route.
Me: Yes sir.
Ch: Why did the Europeans land in Kerala?
Me: They were looking for trade in spices, especially pepper.
Ch: Is spices still an important component of your state’s economy?
Me: Yes sir. Spices are still a major component of our exports.
Ch: Why is that Kerala has not been able to diversify from traditional
agricultural commodities? Why is Industrial growth not strong in Kerala?
Me: There is a general lethargy within the government and people about
inviting capital and setting up an investor friendly climate. We also have a
very strong trade unionist culture. It definitely has positives for the society.
The wage rates and working conditions are one of the best in India. But various
elements have misused it and used it for personal ends at the expense of
industrial growth. It was a mindset that was set in the 1970s and 1980s that is
still preventing investors from investing in Kerala. But we are definitely
changing. We just commissioned the vallarpadam project and signed the agreement
for the Smart city project.
Ch: So you think that the situation will change? That the future is bright?
Me: The change is already happening. It has already started sir (smiling).
Ch: Tell me about this smart city.
Me: It is a PPP between the Kerala Govt. and Dubai’s Tecom to set up a
Technology park which will provide the necessary infrastructure for software and
electronics firms to set up office.
Ch: Where exactly is it?
Me: At Cochin. Kakanad to be exact.
The chairman nodded at the first member. Having taken Physics as an optional,
his questions were only on the safety of nuclear power and nuclear reactors.
M1: In the context of the Japanese disaster, do you think we should continue
our expansion plans for nuclear energy or should we stop it? How safe is nuclear
Me: Nuclear energy is a dangerous technology and it can never be 100% safe.
But nuclear energy is a vital energy source for the future. So stopping it is
not an option. But we should put in place better safety and security systems.
Even in the Japanese case, the reactors withstood the 8.9 magnitude earthquake
and the tsunami and the reactor stopped working also. But it was the failure of
the cooling system due to the damage to the electric grid that led to the
M1: So what all should be done?
Me: We already have better safety systems. Our reactors are PHWRs as opposed
to the BWRs of Japan which are inherently safer. Besides, the newer reactors
have a Passive heat removal system by which air can be used for cooling in the
event of failure of active cooling systems. New reactors will also have Hydrogen
capture systems to prevent the kind of explosions that occurred at Fukushima.
M1: But still you think it won’t be 100% safe?
Me: Achieving a 100% safety line would be impossible but we should put in
place mechanisms and safety systems to take the safety level as near to 100% as
possible. Besides the safety guidelines should be placed under an independent
regulatory body outside DAE.
M1: Very recently the former chairman of the AEC said that India should not
import foreign reactors. Even he is not so sure about the safety of the rectors.
Me: The foreign reactors especially Areva’a EPR 1600 has untested safety
features and has been rejected by a number of nations. Also, foreign reactors
will have different safety systems and we will have to be experts in each of
these. We will also have to depend on foreign know-how to learn their safety
features also. But our reactors have been completely designed by us. So we have
a better understanding of their dynamics and can better perfect the safety
systems for them. Even the former chairman has supported the use of indigenous
M1: The proposed reactor at Jaitapur is coming up in a seismically active
zone. What all measures need to be taken to prevent damage due to earthquakes?
Me: Building standards need to be strictly applied. Earthquake-resistant
technology need to be incorporated which building. The effect of this was seen
in the recent earthquake in Japan. The 8.9 magnitude quake, which is one of the
largest ever killed only 20,000 people while the 7 point magnitude quake in
Haiti last year killed more than 2 lakh people.
M1: You said about smart city? What all are the criterion for selecting a
place for setting up a project like this?
Me: Connectivity to major city centres, road and rail connectivity, presence
of good colleges in the vicinity.
The chairman interrupted asking me whether human element is also a factor
that is considered.
Me: Yes sir. Availability of prospective employees is a major factor. If a Keralite is given a choice between a job in Smart city and in Bangalore, he will
choose smart city even if the salary is a bit less. Given that about 50,000
engineers pass out from Kerala every year, this will give a competitive edge for
The turn was passed to the second member, a lady member. Her questions were
about social issues.
M2 (looking at the summary sheet): You were selected as the ‘Young Scientist’
at the National Children’s Science Congress and you were second in the Regional
Mathematical Olympiad. Why have you chosen civil services after coming from a
science background like this?
Me: The project that we did for the Science congress has in fact played a
very important role in me choosing civil services as a career. It was a social
project. It was about the nutritional status of the people in a particular rural
area in my district. The project gave me a firsthand exposure to the problems in
the rural areas and about the various government departments working on these
issues. The results of the project painted a very grim picture about the
nutritional status of the people with respect to protein and vitamin deficiency.
Besides, my aptitude is in an administrative job. Civil services will offer me
the variety and challenges that no other job can give. I chose engineering
because of my interest in science and to keep my options open. But civil
services have been my dream throughout. It was always there in the back of my
mind. That was why I started my preparation at the end of my third year itself.
M2: Suppose you are posted as an SDM in your state. What will you do to
improve the nutritional level of the people? Are you aware of any schemes in
Me: ICDS, PDS, NRHM etc are the schemes for improving the nutritional and
health levels of the people. Most of these projects suffer from poor
implementation and leakages. For e.g., in ICDS, the anganawadi workers are
ill-paid and their responsibilities are quite heavy. This has led to a lack of
morale among them. I will concentrate on proper implementation of such schemes.
M2: But as an SDM you cannot make policy decisions. You can’t give them more
salary. What will you do in that context?
Me: I will look for implementation of the schemes with support from the local
bodies and community organisations. Involving of Panchayats can also create the
political pressure for change.
M2: Kerala is called ‘God’s own country’. In what context is that name used.
Me: It is essentially a tagline coined by the tourism department for
promoting tourism in Kerala. But otherwise also, Kerala can be called God’s own
Everyone laughed at this and the chairman interrupted asking me ‘Why is that
Me: The climate is good throughout the year, people are well educated and
friendly, presence of some of the most ecologically diverse areas, greenery all
With this, the Third member took charge. He was jovial throughout.
M3: You have taken public administration as an optional. Do you think
decentralization through Panchayati raj is good?
Me: Definitely sir.
M3: Then why is it that in spite of being inserted in the constitution, it is
not properly implemented in many places?
Me: Although they have been inserted in the constitution by the 73rd and 74th
amendment, it is still the prerogative of the state governments to delegate
powers to these bodies. In the case of Kerala, most of the powers in the 11th
and 12th schedule have been delegated. Besides, 25% of the plan expenditure in
budget is passed to the local bodies.
M3: So what should be done in the other states?
Me: People should be politically motivated and should demand more powers.
Education can play a very important role in this.
The member said ‘Oh, you Keralite have 100% literacy’ and laughed. Everyone
joined with him. I smiled and said 94% according to the provisional census
M3: Tourism is affecting our culture. Should we stop tourism due to that?
Me: No sir. We should not close ourselves to anyone. The tour operators act
as the interface between the tourists and our people. They should be given
training and orientation to properly orient foreign tourists before they land in
India. The foreign tourists should be given a basic idea about the culture and
society into which they are stepping in.
M3: But shouldn’t masses be educated for this to be effective. (He turned to
other members and joked ‘our sanskrithi will become apasanskrithi by then)
Me: A well educated society is definitely good for developing a service
industry like tourism. That should be our long term goal. But in the short term,
educating the operators will help us develop tourism sustainably.
M3: A DM was recently kidnapped by the Maoists. In such a dangerous
environment, do you still want to be an IAS officer?
Me: I heard about Mr. Vineel Krishna for the first time after the incident.
All the reports in the newspapers were very positive about his work as a DM. In
fact, he was kidnapped when he went to check a development work in a remote area
without any protection. The people of his district rallied behind him. So if you
are upright and do your work, you will have the support of the people and will
be perfectly safe.
M3: So you think if he is honest and upright, nothing bad will happen?
Me: Yes sir.
The turn was passed to the fourth member.
M4: Did you write CAT, GRE or GATE in between?
Me: No sir. I was preparing through my final year and gave the exam right
after my final exams.
M4: So you were focused. Tell me the advantages and disadvantages of Mobile
communication. Advantages first: Economic advantages:
Me: Better connectivity, ability to make fast economic decisions, buying and
selling goods using mobiles, advertising.
Me: People and families are always connected. You can call everyone at any
distance at very low rates at any time.
Me: Campaigning, Communicating political ideas and schemes…
M4: Any disadvantages?
When I thought for a while, he said ‘it’s Ok, if you can’t think of any’.
M4: What are the uses of space technology for people?
Me: It has revolutionized communication. Weather satellites like Metsat help
us in better prediction. Remote sensing satellites help us in planning. We have
recently put in orbit Oceansat which observes the ocean. The information
gathered by it is beneficial for the fishermen.
M4: Cyber security is a major issue now. What do you know about it and what
is being done by the Indian government?
Me: It is a very dynamic area. It is a constant battle between a large number
of hackers and security establishments. We need to keep ourselves updated
always. DRDO is developing an operating system for use in govt. systems. The
operating systems that we use now are available throughout the world and hence
are more prone to hacking. We have set up cyber cells in the major police
stations. The CERT-In is the body that is responsible for cyber security at the
M4: Define ethics.
Me: The set of standards that we are supposed to follow in a particular
M4: Can you point out some of those that you are supposed to follow. Was
there any committee that made recommendations about ethics?
Me: It was a committee that was appointed in the U.K (couldn’t remember the
name of Nolan committee) that gave detailed guidelines regarding ethics in
M4: No Indian committees?
Me: A number of committees to look into corruption have also given similar
M4: Can you list out a few of those standards?
Me: Honesty, integrity, leadership by example…
M4: Those are general things. Don’t you have any set of professional ethics
as an engineer? Is there any Body that sets such standards?
Me: IEEE sets the standards for us. But I am not aware of any code of ethics.
M4: No Indian bodies? IETE?
Me: Sir, do you mean ISTE?
M4: No, IETE. Ok, tell me the ethics that you are supposed to follow as a
Me: Respect for IPRs, honesty…
The chairman took over. The interview was in its last phase.
Ch: Very recently a Bulgarian group was arrested in Delhi for robbery. What
does this incident mean for India? Have we become a soft state that people from
faraway places are coming for robbery?
Me: It may be a random, off the cuff incident.
Ch: No no. It was a well organized group with a lot of members.
Me: A number of foreign groups are active in a number of nations like the
Italian Mafia in USA. As the economy improves…
Ch (interrupting): So you think it is a good thing!!!( and laughed…the
members also joined him)
Ch: So Gokul, what will you do after getting out. Tell me the first thing
that you will do on exiting this room.
Me: Sir…..I will be removing my tie (It was a spontaneous reply)
Everyone burst into laughter at this and the chairman asked me whether
candidates think they won’t be selected if they came in half sleeves without tie
(Every male member in the room wore half sleeves without tie). I started with
the usual answer, ‘Sir, this is one of the most important occasions for us. We
respect the occasion’ when the chairman joked once again. Then I said, “Sir,
frankly candidates tend to be a bit conservative in this regard”
Ch: Ok. Your interview is over. It has been nice talking to you. Thank you.
I thanked the chairman, the lady member and other members and left the room.
It was 17.20 by then. The interview went for around 30-35 minutes.
The session felt more like a candidate discussion rather than a strict
interview. Hoping for the best!!
Exam Interview Details : CSE 2010 Interview
Subjects Taken : Physics, Public Administration
Interview Date : 04-Apr-2011
Interview Board : Shri I. M. G. Khan
City : Palakkad