General Knowledge for IAS Exams (Geography of India and The World)
Continents of the World
Continents (by Size)
- Asia 44,579,000 sq km
- Africa 30,065,000 sq km
- North America 24,256,000 sq km
- South America 17,819,000 sq km
- Antarctica 13,209,000 sq km
- Europe 9,938,000 sq km
- Australia/Ocenia 7,687,000 sq km
Continents (by Population)
- Asia 3,879,000,000
- Africa 877,500,000
- Europe 727,000,000
- North America 501,500,000
- South America 379,500,000
- Australia/Oceania 320,000,000
- Antarctica 0
Continents by the Number of Countries
- Africa 53
- Europe 46
- Asia 44
- North America 23
- Oceania 14
- South America 12
Highest Points on the Continents
- Highest Mountain in the World (and Asia): Everest, Nepal, China: 29,035
- Highest Mountain in Africa: Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: 19,340 feet/5895
- Highest Mountain in Antarctica: Vinson Massif: 16,066 feet/4897 metres.
- Highest Mountain in Australia: Kosciusko: 7310 feet/2228 metres.
- Highest Mountain in Europe: Elbrus, Russia (Caucasus): 18,510 feet/5642
- Highest Mountain in Western Europe: Mont Blanc, France-Italy: 15,771
- Highest Mountain in Oceania: Puncak Jaya, New Guinea: 16,535 feet/5040
- Highest Mountain in North America: McKinley (Denali), Alaska: 20,320
- Highest Mountain in the 48 Contiguous United States: Whitney,
California: 14,494 feet/4418 metres.
- Highest Mountain in South America: Aconcagua, Argentina: 22,834
Lowest Points on the Continents
- Lowest Point in the World (and Asia): Dead Sea shore, Israel-Jordan:
1369 feet/417.5 meters below sea level.
- Lowest Point in Africa: Lake Assal, Djibouti: 512 feet/156 metres below
- Lowest Point in Australia: Lake Eyre: 52 feet/12 metres below sea level.
- Lowest Point in Europe: Caspian Sea shore, Russia-Iran-Turkmenistan,
Azerbaijan: 92 feet/28 metres below sea level.
- Lowest Point in Western Europe: Tie: Lemmefjord, Denmark and Prins
Alexander Polder, Netherlands: 23 feet/7 metres below sea level.
- Lowest Point in North America: Death Valley, California: 282 feet/86
metres below sea level.
- Lowest Point in South America: Laguna del Carbon (located between Puerto
San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena in the province of Santa Cruz):
344 feet/105 metres below sea level.
- Lowest Point in Antarctica: The Bentley Subglacial trench is
approximately 2540 meters (8,333 feet) below sea level but is covered with
ice; if Antarctica’s ice were to melt, exposing the trench, it would be
covered by sea so it is a quasi-lowest point and if one ignores the reality
of the ice, it is the lowest point “on land” on the earth.