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# (IAS Planner) Optional Subjects Syllabus: (Electrical Engineering)

## Syllabus of Examination

## Electrical Engineering (Optional Subjects)

## Paper-I

**1. Circuit Theory: **Circuit components; network graphs; KCL, KVL;
circuit analysis methods: nodal analysis, mesh analysis; basic network theorems
and applications; transient analysis: RL, RC and RLC circuits; sinusoidal steady
stateanalysis; resonant circuits; coupled circuits; balanced 3-phase circuits;
Two-port networks.

**2. Signals & Systems: **Representation of continuous–time and
discrete-time signals & systems; LTI systems; convolution; impulse response;
time-domain analysis of LTI systems based on convolution and
differential/difference equations. Fourier transform, Laplace transform,
Z-transform, Transfer function. Sampling and recovery of signals DFT, FFT
Processing of analog signals through discrete-time systems.

**3. E.M. Theory: **Maxwell’s equations, wave propagation in bounded
media. Boundary conditions, reflection and refraction of plane waves.
Transmission line: travelling and standing waves, impedance matching, Smith
chart.

**4. Analog Electronics: **Characteristics and equivalent circuits (large
and small-signal) of Diode, BJT, JFET and MOSFET. Diode circuits: clipping,
clamping, rectifier. Biasing and bias stability. FET amplifiers. Current mirror;
Amplifiers: single and multi-stage, differential, operational, feedback and
power. Analysis of amplifiers; frequency-response of amplifiers. OPAMP circuits.
Filters; sinusoidal oscillators: criterion for oscillation; single-transistor
and OPAMP configurations. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits. Linear
and switching power supplies.

**5. Digital Electronics: **Boolean algebra; minimization of Boolean
functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS).
Combinational circuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers and
decoders. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters and
shift-registers. Comparators, timers, multivibrators. Sample and hold circuits,
ADCs and DACs. Semiconductor memories. Logic implementation using programmable
devices (ROM, PLA, FPGA).

**6. Energy Conversion: **Principles of electromechanical energy
conversion: Torque and emf in rotating machines. DC machines: characteristics
and performance analysis; starting and speed control of motors; Transformers:
principles of operation and analysis; regulation, efficiency; 3-phase
transformers. 3-phase induction machines and synchronous machines:
characteristics and preformance analysis; speed control.

**7. Power Electronics and Electric Drives: **Semiconductor power devices:
diode, transistor, thyristor, triac, GTO and MOSFET–static characteristics and
principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers; bridge
converters: fully-controlled and half-controlled; principles of thyristor
choppers and inverters; DC-DC converters; Switch mode inverter; basic concepts
of speed control of dc and ac motor drives applications of variable-speed
drives.

**8. Analog Communication: **Random variables: continuous, discrete;
probability, probability functions. Statistical averages; probability models;
Random signals and noise: white noise, noise equivalent bandwidth; signal
transmission with noise; signal to noise ratio. Linear CW modulation: Amplitude
modulation: DSB, DSB-SC and SSB. Modulators and Demodulators; Phase and
Frequency modulation: PM & FM signals; narrowband FM; generation & detection of
FM and PM, Deemphasis, Preemphasis. CW modulation system: Superhetrodyne
receivers, AM receivers, communication receivers, FM receivers, phase locked
loop, SSB receiver Signal to noise ratio calculation for AM and FM receivers.

## Paper-II

**1. Control Systems: **Elements of control systems; block-diagram
representation; open-loop & closed-loop systems; principles and applications of
feed-back. Control system components. LTI systems: time-domain and
transform-domain analysis. Stability: Routh Hurwitz criterion, root-loci,
Bode-plots and polar plots, Nyquist’s criterion; Design of lead-lad
compensators. Proportional, PI, PID controllers. State-variable representation
and analysis of control systems.

**2. Microprocessors and Microcomputers: **PC organisation; CPU,
instruction set, register set, timing diagram, programming, interrupts, memory
interfacing, I/O interfacing, programmable peripheral devices.

**3. Measurement and Instrumentation: **Error analysis; measurement of
current, voltage, power, energy, power-factor, resistance, inductance,
capacitance and frequency; bridge measurement. Signal conditioning circuit;
Electronic measuring instruments: multimeter, CRO, digital voltmeter, frequency
counter, Q-meter, spectrum-analyzer, distortion-meter. Transducers:
thermocouple, thermistor, LVDT, strain-gauge, piezo-electric crystal.

**4. Power Systems: Analysis and Control: **Steady-state performance of
overhead transmission lines and cables; principles of active and reactive power
transfer and distribution; per-unit quantities; bus admittance and impedance
matrices; load flow; voltage control and power factor correction; economic
operation; symmetrical components, analysis of symmetrical and unsymmetrical
faults. Concept of system stability: swing curves and equal area criterion.
Static VAR system. Basic concepts of HVDC transmission.

**5. Power System Protection: **Principles of overcurrent, differential
and distance protection. Concept of solid state relays. Circuit breakers.
Computer aided protection: Introduction; line bus, generator, transformer
protection; numeric relays and application of DSP to protection.

**6. Digital Communication: **Pulse code modulation (PCM), differential
pulse code modulation (DPCM), delta modulation (DM), Digital modulation and
demodulation schemes: amplitude, phase and frequency keying schemes (ASK, PSK,
FSK). Error control coding: error detection and correction, linear block codes,
convolution codes. Information measure and source coding. Data networks, 7-layer
architecture.

## Suggested Reading

**Paper-I**

__1. Electrical Circuits__a) Electrical Circuits – 1&2by Nasser, Schaum Series

b) Electrical Circuits by Chakraborty

c) Network Analysis by Vanvulkenberg

d) Electrical Circuits by Hast & Kimberly, TMH Series.

__2. Electromagnetic Theory__

a) Field Theory by K.A. Gangadhar

b) Electromagnetic Waves by Jordan & Balmian

c) Electromagnetic Theory by Saddique, Oxford Publications

__3. Microwaves and Antennas__

a) Microwaves by Kulakarni

b) Microwaves by Liu, PHI Publications

c) Electromagnetic Theory by Saddique, Oxford Publications.

d) Electromagnetic Waves by Jordan & Balmian.

__4. Analog Communication__

a) Communication Systems, 2nd Edition, by Simon Haykins.

b) Analog and Digital Communications by K. Sam Sanmugam

c) Analog and Digital Communications, Schaum Series

d) Communication Systems by Kennedy.

__5. Analog Electronics__

a) Micro electronics by Milliman and Grabel.

b) Integrated Electronics by Milliman and Halkius

c) Pulse, Digital & Switching Waveforms by Taub abd Schilling

d) Op-amps by Roy Chowdhury

e) Op-Amps by Gaykwad

__6. Digital Electronics__

a) Digital Design by Morris Mano.

b) Switching theory and Logical Design by Kohavi.

c) Digital Electronics by R P Jain.

__7. Electrical Machines__

a) Electrical Machines by P.S. Bhimbra

b) Generalised theory of Machines by P.S. Bhimbra

c) Electrical Machines by Nagrath and Kothari

__8. Power electronics and electrical drives__

a) Power Elctronics by P.S.Bhimbra

b) Power Electronics by Rushid

c) Electrical Drives by G.K. Dubey

__9. Signals and Systems__

a) Signals and Systems by Oppenheim & Schaber

b) Digital Signal Processing by Proakis, Maholanakis

c) Digital Signal Processing by oppenheim & Willsky

d) Signals and Systems, Schaum Series.

**Paper-II**

__1. Control Systems__a) Modern Control Systems by Nagrath and Gopal

b) Control Systems by B C Kuo.

__2. Electrical Measurements__

a) Electrical Measurements and Measuring Instruments by A K Sawhney.

b) Electronic Measurements by Cooper & etc., PHI Publications.

__3. Power System Operation & Control__

a) Power System Analysis by C L Wadhwa

b) Power Systems by Nagrath and Kothari

c) Power Systems by Ashfaq Hussein

d) Modern Power System Analysis by Nagrath

e) Power Systems by Sunil S Rao (for topics like RTU, SCADA, FACTS etc.)

__4. Power System Protection__

a) Power System Protection by Badri Ram and Vishwa Karma, TMH Publications

b) Power Systems by C L Wadhwa

c) Power Systems by Nagrath and Kothari

__5. Non Conventional Energy resources__

a) Non-conventional Energy Resources by G.D.Rai, Khanna Publicaions.

__6. IC Fabrication and Technology__

a) Microelectronics by Milliman and Grabel

b) Linear Integrated Circuits by Roy Chowdhury.

__7. Radar, Satellite and TV__

a) Microwaves by Kulakarni.

b) Communication Systems by Kennedy.

c) Satellite Engineering by John Wiley Publications.

__8. Microprocessors__

a) 8085Microprocessor by Ramesh S Goankar

b) 8086 Microprocessor by Hall, TMH Publications.

9. Fibre Optic Communication

a) Fibre Optic Communications by Senior, PHI Publications

__10. Digital Communications__

a) Analog & Digital Communications by K Sam Sanmugam

b) Analog & Digital Communications by Schum Series

c) Digital Communications by Simon Haykin

11. Electrical Engineering Materials

a) Electrical Engineering Materials by Seth & Gupta

b) Electrical Engineering Materials by Dekker.