(IAS Planner) Optional Subjects Syllabus: (Political Science)


Syllabus of Examination

Political Science (Optional)

Political Science and International Relations


Political Theory and Indian Politics:

  1. Political Theory: meaning and approaches.
  2. Theories of the State: Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.
  3. Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.
  4. Equality: Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
  5. Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.
  6. Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.
  7. Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
  8. Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism,Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.
  9. Indian Political Thought : Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar,M.N. Roy .
  10. Western Political Thought: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.

Indian Government and Politics:

1. Indian Nationalism:

  • (a) Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle: Constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience; Militant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements.
  • (b) Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.

2. Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives.

3. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.

4. (a) Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and SupremeCourt.
(b) Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.

5. Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements.

6. Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes,National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.

7. Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.

8. Planning and Economic Development : Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution,land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalilzation and economic reforms.

9. Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.

10. Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.

11. Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements.


Comparative Politics and International Relations Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics:

1. Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.
2. State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies.
3. Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.
4. Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing societies.
5. Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.
6. Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.
7. Changing International Political Order:
(a) Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat;
(b) Non-aligned movement: Aims and achievements;
(c) Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.
8. Evolution of the International Economic System: From Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world economy.
9. United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.
10. Regionalisation of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.
11. Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.

India and the World:

1. Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.
2. India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current role.
3. India and South Asia:
(a) Regional Co-operation: SAARC – past performance and future prospects.
(b) South Asia as a Free Trade Area.
(c) India’s “Look East” policy.
(d) Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.
4. India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.
5. India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.
6. India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.
7. India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy.
8. Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; vision of a new world order.

Suggested Reading:

  • Our Constitution by Subhash C Kashyap
  • Our Parliament by Subhash C Kashyap
  • Perspective on Constitution (ED) by P.M Bakshi
  • Constitution by D.D. Basu
  • IIPA Journal

Reference Book List topic wise:

Political Theory and Indian Politics

• George H. Sabine ( Western political theory)
• Eddy Ashrivatham (Political theory)
• C.L. Wayper (Political thought)
• O.P. Gauba (An introduction to political thought)
• R.M. Bhagat (Western political thought)
• Amal Roy and Mohit Bhattacharya (political theory, ideas and institutions)
• S.P. Varma (Modern political theory)
• J.C. Jauhary (Comparative politics)
• A.S. Sandhu (Political theory)
• Pukharaj Jain (Political thought)

Indian Constitution And Politics

• M.V. Paylee (Indian Constitution)
• D.D Basu (An introduction to Indian constitution)
• V.N. Shukla (Constitution of India, couple of chapters are really relevant)
• A.C. Kapoor (Comparative Governments)
• V.P. Varma (Indian political theory)
• K.R. Bombwal (Comparative constitutions)
Bipin Chandra (Freedom struggle)
• Simit Sarkar (Modern India)
• A.R. Desai (Social background of Indian Nationalism)
• Paul Brass (Politics in India since independence)
• Independent India : First Fifty Years - Hiranyamay Kelkar
• Indian foreign policy agenda for 21st century (1998 Foreign service institute) -Lalit Mansingh
• India's foreign policy in a changing world (1999) - V.P. Dutt
• People's right and the state in the third world - Manjooran Mohanty & Partha Mukherjee
• World politics in the twentieth century - Paul Kenedy
• Nuclear India (1998) Jasjit Singh

Further Suggested Readings

Paper I - Section A

A History of Political thought—Subrata Mukherjee, Susheela Ramaswamy
A History of Political thought —J.P. Suda
For Manu & Kautilya : Foundations of Indian Political thought — V.R. Mehta
Modern Political Theory —S.P. Verma
Modern Political Theory —Madan Gandhi
Political Theory —Eddy Ashirvatham
Political Theory —J.C. Johri
Political Theory —Ray & Bhattacharya
Political Theory —O.P. Gauba

Paper I - Section B

Comparative Govt. & Politics —J.C. Johri
Comparative Govt. & Politics —Ronald Chilkote
Modern Indian Political Thinkers —V.P. Verma
Foundations of Indian Political Thought —V.R. Mehta
Indian Govt. and Politics —A.S. Narang
Indian Govt. and Politics —J.R. Siwach
Indian Govt and Politics —M.P. Singh, Himanshu Roy
Politics in India —Rajani Kothari
Govt. and Politics of India —W.H. Morris Jones

Paper II -Section A

Theoretical aspects of International Politics —Mahendra Kumar
Politics among Nations —Morganthu