Syllabus of Examination
Public Administration (Optional)
PAPER – I
1. Introduction: Meaning, scope and significance of Public
Administration; Wilson’s vision of Public Administration; Evolution of the
discipline and its present status; New Public Administration; Public Choice
approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation; Good
Governance: concept and application; New Public Management.
2. Administrative Thought: Scientific Management and Scientific
Management movement; Classical Theory; Weber’s bureaucratic model – its critique
and post-Weberian Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett);
Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); Functions of the Executive (C.I.
Barnard); Simon’s decision-making theory; Participative Management (R. Likert,
3. Administrative Behaviour: Process and techniques of
decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories – content, process
and contemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modern.
4. Organisations: Theories – systems, contingency; Structure and
forms: Ministries and Departments, Corporations, Companies, Boards and
Commissions; Ad hoc and advisory bodies; Headquarters and Field relationships;
Regulatory Authorities; Public - Private Partnerships.
5. Accountability and control: Concepts of accountability and
control; Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration;
Citizen and Administration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary
organizations; Civil society; Citizen’s Charters; Right to Information; Social
6. Administrative Law: Meaning, scope and significance; Dicey on
Administrative law; Delegated legislation; Administrative Tribunals.
7. Comparative Public Administration: Historical and
sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Administration and
politics in different countries; Current status of Comparative Public
Administration; Ecology and administration; Riggsian models and their critique.
8. Development Dynamics: Concept of development; Changing profile of
development administration; ‘Anti-development thesis’; Bureaucracy and
development; Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of liberalisation on
administration in developing countries; Women and development - the self-help
9. Personnel Administration: Importance of human resource development;
Recruitment, training, career advancement, position classification, discipline,
performance appraisal, promotion, pay and service conditions; employer-employee
relations, grievance redressal mechanism; Code of conduct; Administrative
10. Public Policy: Models of policy-making and their critique;
Processes of conceptualisation, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation
and review and their limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.
11. Techniques of Administrative Improvement: Organisation and
methods, Work study and work management; e-governance and information
technology; Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.
12. Financial Administration: Monetary and fiscal policies;
Public borrowings and public debt Budgets - types and forms; Budgetary process;
Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.
PAPER - II
1. Evolution of Indian Administration: Kautilya’s Arthashastra; Mughal
administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and administration -
Indianization of public services, revenue administration, district
administration, local self-government.
2. Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government: Salient
features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy
and democracy; Bureaucracy and development.
3. Public Sector Undertakings: Public sector in modern India; Forms of Public
Sector Undertakings; Problems of autonomy, accountability and control; Impact of
liberalization and privatization.
4. Union Government and Administration: Executive, Parliament,
Judiciary - structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends;
Intragovernmental relations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office;
Central Secretariat; Ministries and Departments; Boards; Commissions; Attached
offices; Field organizations.
5. Plans and Priorities: Machinery of planning; Role, composition and
functions of the Planning Commission and the National Development Council;
‘Indicative’ planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels;
Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic
development and social justice.
6. State Government and Administration: Union-State administrative,
legislative and financial relations; Role of the Finance Commission; Governor;
Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat;
7. District Administration since Independence: Changing role of the
Collector; Union-state-local relations; Imperatives of development management
and law and order administration; District administration and democratic
8. Civil Services: Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment,
training and capacity-building; Good governance initiatives; Code of conduct and
discipline; Staff associations; Political rights; Grievance redressal mechanism;
Civil service neutrality; Civil service activism.
9. Financial Management: Budget as a political instrument;
Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role of finance ministry in
monetary and fiscal area; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role of Controller
General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
10. Administrative Reforms since Independence: Major concerns;
Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in financial management and human
resource development; Problems of implementation.
11. Rural Development: Institutions and agencies since independence;
Rural development programmes: foci and strategies; Decentralization and
Panchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional amendment.
12. Urban Local Government: Municipal governance: main features,
structures, finance and problem areas; 74th Constitutional Amendment;
Global-local debate; New localism; Development dynamics, politics and
administration with special reference to city management.
13. Law and Order Administration: British legacy; National Police
Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of central and state agencies including
paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency
and terrorism; Criminalisation of politics and administration; Police-public
relations; Reforms in Police.
14. Significant issues in Indian Administration: Values in public
service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission; Problems of
administration in coalition regimes; Citizen-administration interface;
Corruption and administration; Disaster management.
1. New Horizons of public administration by Mohit Bhattacharya
2. Administrative thinkers by prasad and prasad (theories part)
3. Public Administration by Sharma and Sadana (read administrative law,
personnel administration, financial administration, development administration,
comparitive administration and other paper-I topics)
4. IGNOU material (read public policy)
5. Public Administration by Avasthi and Maheshwari (read administrative law and
1. Indian Administration by Rajini Goyal and Arora (covers most of the topics
of paper II)
2. Public Administration by Avasthi and Maheshwari (read public sector)
3. Indian Administration by Avasthi and Avasthi (read administrative reforms,
administration of law and order)
4. Introduction to the constitution of India by D.D.Basu and last but not least
5. Articles from IIPA Journals (aspirants can get Mr.Minocha’s collection of
articles from IIPA Journals which is sufficient) Some topics like welfare
administration, administration of law and order should be collected while
reading newspapers, India yearbook etc.
Other Books for reference:
• Ramesh Arora - Indian Public Administration Comparative
• Sachdeva - Social welfare administration
• Public Policy – Sapru
• Rumki Basu - Public Administration
• Maheshwari - Indian Administration
• NCERT books
• IJPA special edition in1998 on the occasion of Golden Jubilee
• Social Theory & Development Administration – Mohit
• CPA – Ramesh Arora