HISTORICAL BACKGROUND: Indianisation of the superior Civil Services
became one of the major demands of the political movement compelling the British
Indian Government to consider setting up of a Public Service Commission for
recruitment to its services in the territory. The first Public Service
Commission was set up on October 1st, 1926. The Constituent Assembly, after
independence, with the promulgation of the new Constitution for independent
India on 26th January, 1950, this Public Service Commission was accorded a
constitutional status as an autonomous entity and given the title - Union Public
Constitutional Provisions: the UPSC is an constitutional body in the sense that
it is directly created by the Constitution of India. It has been established
under Article 315 of the Constitution of India. Usually, the Commission
constitutes 9 to 11 members including the Chairman.
The UPSC is the central recruiting agency in India. The major role played by the
Commission is to select persons to man the various Central Civil Services and
Posts and the Services common to the Union and States (viz. All-India Services).
Under the Constitution one of the functions of the Commission is to conduct
examinations for appointment to Civil Services/Posts of the Union. The
Commission usually conducts over a dozen examinations every year on an all India
basis. These include Examinations for recruitment to services/posts in various
fields, such as Civil Services, Engineering, Medical and Forest Service, etc.