Aspirants Times: India-Turkey Relation (Joint
Declaration on Scientific and Technological
India and Turkey on February 9, 2010 desired to develop and expand
cooperation in science and technology and in other areas of common interest and
launched an Advanced Science and Technology Dialogue, besides offering to
actively study the possibilities of working together in mutually identified
projects in areas such as telecommunications, computerization, non-technology
space research, bio-technology and environmental technology and convene a joint
workshop in 2010.
On the occasion of the visit of the President of the Republic of
Turkey, Abdullah Gul, to India, a joint statement was issued in which both
Considering the importance of science and technology for the economic
and social development of both the countries have desired to develop and expand
cooperation in the field of science and technology in areas of common interest
besides noting that together with economic and commercial relations, cooperation
in science and technology offer great potential as a driver of bilateral
relations. The joint statement has recognized that cooperation in science and
technology will not only advance the state of science and technology to the
benefit of both countries but also strengthen the bonds of friendship and
understanding between people of both countries.
The statement also reaffirmed the Agreement on Cooperation in the field of
Science and Technology between the Government of the Republic of Turkey and the
Government of the Republic of India signed on 17 September 2003,
It also declared that the two countries launch an Advanced Science and
Technology Dialogue, which will strive to promote the maximum use of the
opportunities that have risen for mutually beneficial interaction in the field
of science and technology, which would add to the strength of the two national
economies, and to the welfare and prosperity of the people of both the
The dialogue will also strengthen this interaction with special emphasis on
high-technology and frontier areas of research and application and will
encourage and support broadened and expanded relations between the scientific
and technological communities in both countries by creating favorable conditions
Advanced Science and Technology Dialogue will also encourage cooperation through
exchange of ideas, information, skills and technologies; exchange of scientists
and technical experts; the onvening of joint seminars, scientific conferences,
and meetings; training and enhancing the skills of scientists and technical
experts; the conduct of joint research projects and studies and other forms of
scientific and technological cooperation as may be mutually agreed upon,
India and Turkey will actively study the possibilities of working together in
mutually identified projects in areas such as telecommunication, computerisation,
information technology, space research, biotechnology and environmental
Both sides will actively explore the possibilities for joint research and
development activities making use of best practices in this field and encourage,
facilitate and support the development of direct contacts and cooperation
between government agencies and organizations, universities, science and
research centers, institutes and institutions, private sector firms and other
entities of the two countries.
The joint statement stated "We also agree, therefore, that Turkey and India
convene a joint workshop in 2010 among designated representatives to elaborate
and bring into being the Advanced Science and Technology Dialogue in accordance
with this Joint Declaration.”
Joint Declaration on Terrorism
On the occasion of the visit of the President of the Republic of Turkey to
India, both sides:
» Recognising that terrorism poses a grave threat to global peace and
» Noting that the forces of terrorism are nourished by extremist ideologies;
» Stressing that terrorism should not be associated with any religion,
nationality, civilization or ethnic group;
» Recognising further that terrorism seeks to weaken, in particular, democratic
societies and polities that are based on the rule of law and committed to
» Denouncing those who sponsor, abet and instigate terrorism and provide them
» Affirming their common commitment to fight terrorism and recognising that
their counter-terrorism efforts constitute an important part of the
international community's efforts to eradicate terrorism;
» Calling upon the international community to comply with all the provisions of
international counter-terrorism conventions and protocols as well as other
related international instruments and strengthen international cooperation in
» Recognising the need for the conclusion of the Comprehensive Convention on
International Terrorism as a vital component of the international legal
framework in the global struggle against terrorism; calling on the international
community to conclude the Convention without further delay;
» Decided to enhance their cooperation in this field;
» To this end, their officials have been tasked to work towards developing an
action plan with timelines and specific measures. For this purpose, the
officials will take into account the existing structures of cooperation such as
the Joint Working Group against Terrorism;
» Agreed to work together and with other like-minded States for the finalization
of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism at the earliest.
Name of the country : Republic of Turkey
Population : 67.9 million (2000 census), 71.52 million(Est: Dec 08)
Languages spoken : Turkish
Basic foreign, international trade polices: Turkey seeks membership of the
European Union which is central to its foreign policy. Relationship with neighbouring countries and with the Middle-East, Balkans and the Central
Asian/Caucasus countries is another priority area. Economic liberalization was
initiated in 1981. Turkey follows liberalized economic policy and has a number
of PTA/FTA including Customs Union arrangement with EU.
- Major industries, global companies : Major industrial houses including Koc,
Sabanci, Dogan etc. Numerous multinational companies functioning in Turkey
- Significant economic activities : Textiles & garments, construction, tourism,
leather, food processing, automobile, mining, agriculture etc.
- Global Trade and Investment : Large adverse balance of trade despite high export
growth (nearly 60% trade with OECD countries).
- Total imports into Turkey : $ 69.3 bn (2003); $97.1 bn (2004); $ 110 bn (2005);
$ 133 bn (2006); $ 170 bn (2007), $ 202 bn (2008)
- Major exporting countries : Russian Federation, Germany, China, Italy, the USA,
Iran, UK, Switzerland and Spain
- Total exports from Turkey : $ 47.2 bn (2003); $62.7 bn (2004); $ 73.1 bn (2005);
$ 92 bn (2006), $ 107 bn (2007), $132 bn (2008).
Investments in Turkey
Turkey is an attractive country for foreign investors with a business-friendly
regulatory environment. It has a large dynamic market with a relatively high
quality labour force and location advantage, with easy access to regional
markets. It is a member of EU Customs Union, providing access to the large
European market. The net foreign direct investment in Turkey was $ 10.03 billion
in 2005, 19.92 billion in 2006 and 21.97 billion in 2007. The main beneficiaries
of FDI have been hotels, tourism and leisure, textile and auto component sectors
and the main sources of investment are USA, UK and Germany.
During the Turkish War of Independence, the people of India contributed funds
for the Turkish cause – which was partly used to train and assist the Turkish
Army and partly for establishing the first Turkish bank (Isbank). Diplomatic
relations between India and Turkey were established in 1948.
Political Relations: Bilateral relations are characterized by warmth and
cordiality. The two countries share common values including commitment to
secularism and democratic principles. Indian economic progress and technological
advancement have been instrumental in recent upsurge in interest towards India
India-Turkey Bilateral Trade
(in US$ million)
2002 - 2003 - 2004 - 2005 - 2006 - 2007 - 2008
India’s Export : 564.0 718.8 1043 1,274.4 1,579.0 2,300.0 2457.48
Turkey’s export : 69.5 71.4 136 219.8 222.0 347.0 543.0
Total : 633.5 790.2 1179 1,494.2 1,801.0 2,647.0 3000.487 ???
The major items of India’s exports to Turkey include cotton yarn, synthetic
yarn, organic dyes, organic chemicals, denim, steel (bars and rods), granite,
antibiotics, carpets, unwrought zinc, sesame seed, TV CRTs, mobile handsets,
clothing and apparel.
Turkey’s exports to India includes poppy seed, auto components, marble, textile
machinery, denim, carpets, cumin seeds, minerals (vermiculite, perlite and
chlorites) and fittings and steel products.
Indian companies in Turkey
More than 60 Indian companies have registered businesses in Turkey in the form
of joint ventures, trade and representative offices.
IRCON undertook railway projects in nineties. Kalpataru, in association with
Barmek, a Turkish company undertook electricity transmission projects in Turkey
in 2003. Punj Lloyd, in association with LIMAK, a Turkish construction company,
constructed a segment of the Baku-Ceyhan pipeline.
An Indian company Polyplex set up a polyplex film manufacturing factory in
Chorlu, Turkey in 2005 with a total capital investment of US $ 60 million. The
production from the factory is utilized mostly for exporting to West European
countries and partly to Turkish market.
Indo-Rama Group started a production unit for polyester fibre. TATA Motors have
an existing tie-up with Mesin Limited of Isotlar Group for marketing and after
sale service for TATA vehicles in Turkey. For past few years, they have been
selling TATA Pickup vehicles in Turkey. In February 2005, TATA Motors launched
their Passenger Vehicles in Turkey.
This included TATA Indica and TATA Indigo models. TATA Motors has started an
Assembly Unit in Adana for assembly of TATA buses primarily for export to Middle
East. Mahindra & Mahindra has formed a joint venture marketing network with ILCE
Otomotiv Servisve Ticaret A.S. for its utility vehicles and tractors in Turkey.
Approval for utility vehicles has been obtained.
Limak Constructions, a consortium of GMR Infrastructure Ltd and Malaysia Airport
Holding won a BOT contract of Euro 1.932 bn for building a new international
passenger terminal at the Sabiha Gokcen Airport in Istanbul. Industrial houses
such as Reliance, Ispat, Aditya Birla Group etc have established their trading
offices in Turkey to look for opportunities in the market here.
Tractors and Farm Equipment Ltd(TAFE), a Chennai-based company of the
Amalgamations group, has announced on October 13 2008 that it plans to set up a
tractor manufacturing plant in Turkey. This $ 20 million plant to be operational
in 2009 and this plant will have an initial capacity of 15,000 units/year.
The Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), in collaboration with Çalik Enerji of
Turkey, was granted license for establishing an oil refinery with a capacity of
15 million tons a year in Ceyhan, envisaging a total investment of approx. US$ 5
billion. The project would primarily focus on exports to the European markets
and the USA.