Bharat Ratna Award
Throughout the history of India, we have seen lot of
exceptionally brave and talented persons who have graced the Indian soil. Bharat
Ratna Award is one medium to provide proper recognition to the sacrifices and
talents of those individuals. Bharat Ratna is a highest civilian award which a
person can recieve in India. There is no restriction of awarding the award only
to citizen and in past foreigners have also recieved this award. The provision
of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was the
first ever Indian to be graced by this highest award. Since then various
internationally and nationally recognized personalities have received this
award. Important personalities who have received this award are C
Rajagopalachari (awardee: 1954), CV Raman (awardee: 1954), S Radhakrishnan (awardee:
1954,), Bhagwan Das (awardee: 1955), Visvessaraya (awardee: 1955), Govind
Ballabh Pant (awardee: 1957), DK Karve (awardee: 1958), BC Roy (awardee: 19612),
Purshottam Das Tandon (awardee: 1961), Rajendra Prasad (awardee: 1962), Zakir
Hussain (awardee: 1963) and PV Kane (awardee: 1963). This award is given for
exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, and in
recognition of Public Service of the highest order. Certain criteria’s are
followed for this award:-
- Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is
eligible for these awards.
- It is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the
highest order in any field of human endeavour.
- The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister
himself to the President. No formal recommendations for this are necessary.
- The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a
- In terms of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution, the award cannot be used
as a prefix or suffix to the recipient’s name. However award winner may use
the following expression ‘Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President’ or
‘Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award’.
- The Award does not carry any monetary grant.
This year’s Bharat Ratna award has been given to Pandit Madan
Mohan Malaviya (posthumously) and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
The announcement to give them award was made on the birthday of both the
stalwarts. Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya was a freedom fighter and educationalist
and social activist. Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was hindu nationalist within
the Indian national congress. Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was an important
personality in the Non-Cooperation Movement, he even participated in the First
Round Table Conference. Malaviya ji will always be remembered for his
contribution in formation of Banaras Hindu University. He along with Annie
Besant led the foundation of this temple of education in 1916. Pandit Malviya
will be the 12th person to be honoured posthumously. Some believe that Bharat
Ratna should not be awarded posthumously.
Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was prime minister of the nation
between 1998 and 2004. He is credited with many national achievements like
Pokhran test and laying the foundation for making India sufficient in nuclear
energy. He is also credited with building a good quality road network in the
country. Mr. Vajpayee will be the seventh Prime Minister to receive the award.
Former Prime Ministers who have received the award are Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira
Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Morarji Desai, Lal Bahadur Shastri, along with first
Governor General of free India C. Rajagopalachari.