India said China following double standards against terrorism
India said that China is following “double standard” on terrorism and
asked Beijing to support its campaign to blacklist Pakistan-based terror
mastermind Masood Azhar.
Minister of State for External Affairs M.J. Akbar said China’s block at
the 1267 committee of the UN Security Council that prevented India from
blacklisting the terror boss was “self-defeating”.
Mr. Akbar said, “as a responsible and mature nation, China will
understand the double standards of this self-defeating purpose,”.
Govt acknowledged that despite tranquillity on India-China border, there
remained “divergences” in bilateral ties, including China’s stand on
Pakistan-based terror outfits such as Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM).
India, however, was not in favour of stalling dialogue with Pakistan on
the need to stop cross-border terrorism as it had delivered the necessary
message to Pakistan and the world, with the surgical strike of September 28,
Mr. Akbar said.
Mr. Singh also highlighted that the surgical strike of September 28, ten
days after the Uri attack, had delivered the expected results.
“The aim of the surgical strike was — we have sent a message to the
whole world that terrorism will not be acceptable as the new normal,” said
Russia providing special privilege to India
Russia has amended its laws, allowing long-term contracts for spares and
support for military equipment supplied to India. This will address
long-standing concerns on the serviceability of the imported equipment.
In the next step, India is also discussing the possibility of Russian
Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) allowing licence-manufacture of
spares locally by Indian vendors.
Currently, procurement of spares is a long and cumbersome process as
India cannot deal directly with the OEMs but with designated intermediaries
like Rosoboronexport. The change in law does away with that.
Indian military largely constitutes platforms and equipment of Russian
origin and a constant concern has been the availability of spares for them.
To address this, the two countries began discussions for a long-term
agreement on spares for five years, which would ensure quick delivery of
spares and support from the OEMs.
One of the biggest beneficiaries of this will be the frontline Su-30MKI
fighter jets of the Indian Air Force, the serviceability of which had at one
time fallen below 50 per cent.
Growing Japan and India relationship
Japan and India have had a long trade and economic relationship starting
from the later part of the 19th century.
However, post World War II and the establishment of diplomatic
relations, the imperatives of the cold war kept the relations between the
two countries at a sub-optimal level.
In the late 1980s, with the cold war fading, Japan-India relations again
It is worth noting that even during the cold war period, Japan’s
Overseas Development Assistance(ODA) was still active in India.
India’s nuclear tests in 1998 again led to severe condemnation and harsh
sanctions by Japan and the relations moved to a low keel.
The current NDA government’s focused efforts in this regard seem to stem
from awareness of the fact that the economic value created by way of trade
and investment between the two countries is significantly lower than the
The annual outward flow of Japanese FDI is about $130 billion and the
U.S. gets about $40 billion annually. India should target at least $25
billion annually for the next 10 years.
The two-way trade in 1994-1995 between Japan and India was $4067
million, between India and China was $1015 million and between India and
South Korea was $961.9 million.
By 2015-16, Japan-India two-way trade had increased to $14,512 million
(a cumulative annual growth rate of 6.3%), China-India two-way trade had
grown to $70,758 million (CAGR of 22.6%).
There are three main challenges which have constrained the Japan-India
partnership from achieving its full potential. First, India’s complex
regulations, red tape, ad hoc nature of state-level interventions.
Second, Japanese companies face considerable logistics challenges and
non-availability of uninterrupted power supply constrains their
manufacturing plans in India.
Third, while India can emerge as a large market for Japanese
infrastructure system exports, there have been incredible delays in the
commencement of the projects.
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has funded the Tamil Nadu
Investment Promotion Program for strengthening policy framework and urban
and industry infrastructure to facilitate foreign investment.
Japan is working on developing 12 Industrial townships called Japan
Industrial Townships (JITs) which will operate like Little Japan with all
the infrastructure to support the operations of Japanese companies.
The Tokyo Declaration of November 2014 sets a target for doubling
Japan’s foreign direct investment, the number of Japanese companies
operating in India and an ambitious investment target of JPY 3.5 trillion
within a five-year period.
The cumulative Overseas Development Assistance disbursement by Japan
(India is the largest recipient of Japanese ODA) in 2014 was JPY4.6 trillion
and in FY 15-16 only JPY 185.6 billion was disbursed.
Given the under-performance on all the benchmarks set up under the Tokyo
Declaration, timely intervention from the highest levels of both governments
can still ensure that the ambitious metrics can be achieved.
India says CPEC passes through its territory
Asserting its territorial sovereignty, India said on Wednesday that the
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) passes through its territory.
Addressing the Raisina Dialogue, Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar said
China was yet to respond to India’s territorial concerns on CPEC.
“China is very sensitive on matters concerning its sovereignty.We expect
they will respect other peoples sovereignty. CPEC passes through a territory
that we see as ours. Surely people will understand India’s reaction,” said
Prime Minister Modi too had drawn attention to the territorial
sovereignty of India. “Respect for sovereignty is important for regional
connectivity to improve,” Mr. Modi said in his inaugural speech.
China and Pakistan have fast-tracked the construction work of the CPEC,
a large part of which passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK). Once
completed, CPEC will provide an all-weather energy route for China from the
India’s concerns have also increased in recent weeks with reports of
China-Pakistan naval cooperation in Gwadar port of Balochistan, which will
serve as the entry point to CPEC.
The Foreign Secretary said that China’s rise was a major “dynamic”
factor in the Asian affairs and reminded the audience that differences with
China had not gone away.
The Foreign Secretary’s comments about CPEC and the “political issues”
are significant as both India and China have dealt with the differences over
the last several months.
China’s territorial assertion over Asia, however, received a jolt in
July 2016 when the Permanent Court of Arbitration gave an adverse verdict on
the South China Sea issue.
Mr. Jaishankar said that India’s position on South China Sea was in sync
with the international position.