Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
All the governments, from the time of independence, have
worked for the development of rural areas. Rural development implies both the
economic betterment of people as well as greater social transformation.
Increased participation of people in the rural development programs,
decentralization of planning, better enforcement of land reforms and greater
access to credit are envisaged for providing the rural people with better
prospects. Immediately after the independence agriculture, education, health
etc. were the main focus areas for government. But it was rightly realized that
development efforts in rural areas are sustainable only if local community and
population is involved in the development programs. So community development
program was launched in order to develop the community as a whole. In order to
ensure that the fruits of economic reform are shared by all sections of
societies, efforts and schemes are progressively modified with time like
Department of rural development was elevated to the status of ministry in 1974.
Keeping in view the needs and aspirations of the local people, Panchayati Raj
Institutions (PRIs) have been given the constitutional status by 73rd
constitutional amendment. PRIs are now involved at every step from programme
formulation till implementation, which helps in fulfilling the aspirations of
the local population.
In keeping with the tradition of giving importance towards
the village development Pradhan mantri has launched a new scheme known as
“Saansad Adarsh gram yojana”. Under this scheme each Member of Parliament will
take the responsibility of developing physical and institutional infrastructure
in three villages by 2019. The goal is to develop three Adarsh Grams or model
villages by March 2019, of which one would be achieved by 2016. Thereafter, five
such Adarsh Grams (one per year) will be selected and developed by 2024. The
Project was launched on the occasion of birth anniversary of Jai Prakash Narayan
who was pioneer in working towards rural development. Some important features of
the scheme are-
The Scheme takes a holistic approach towards development
across multiple areas such as agriculture, health, education, sanitation,
environment, livelihoods etc.
Apart from infrastructural development scheme also aims
at instilling certain values, such as people’s participation, Antyodaya,
gender equality, dignity of women, social justice, spirit of community
service, cleanliness, eco-friendliness, maintaining ecological balance,
peace and harmony etc.
Gram Panchayat would be the basic unit for development.
Village will have a population of 3000-5000 in plain
areas and 1000-3000 in hilly, tribal and difficult areas. In districts where
this unit size is not available, Gram Panchayats approximating the desirable
population size may be chosen.
Plan for development will be devised by gram panchayat
with special emphasis for development of poor households.
Women participation in the decision-making process will
be encouraged. In fact the Scheme envisages holding Mahila Sabhas and Bal
Sabhas to discuss women and children specific issues and concerns.