The UN General Assembly on Monday adopted a negotiating
text by consensus for the long-pending Security Council reforms, setting the
stage for talks on the issue at its 70th session beginning Tuesday, boosting
India’s bid for a permanent seat in the revamped world body.
India termed as “historic” and “path-breaking” the
adoption of the document, saying the decision puts the Inter-Governmental
Process formally on an “irreversible text-based negotiations path” and
changes the “dynamics” of the negotiations on achieving UNSC reforms.
UN General Assembly President Sam Kutesa convened a
plenary meeting to take action on the draft decision on the “Question of
equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security
Council and related matters”.
During the meeting, he also circulated letters containing
the positions of key countries, including Russia, the US and China which
refused to contribute to the negotiating text.ers
There was no voting on the decision to continue
text-based UNSC reforms in the 70th session of the General Assembly and it
was adopted by consensus.
The draft decision contains a negotiating text which has
positions of UN member states on Security Council reforms and how the
powerful 15-nation body should be expanded in its permanent and
The adoption is a significant step towards beginning
talks on the long-stalled reforms process in the 70th session of the
Assembly on the basis of a negotiating text, a first in the last seven years
of Inter-Governmental Negotiations that have been conducted so far without
the basis of any text.
India’s Ambassador to the UN Asoke Mukerji said the “most
important aspect” of Monday’s decision is the text circulated by Kutesa in
July which “we have agreed will be the guiding basis for our deliberations
in the 70th General Assembly session”.
India was among 119 nations that voted in support of a UN
general assembly resolution granting the right to non-member observer states
of Palestine and the Vatican to raise their flags at the world body’s
headquarters along side the flags of UN member nations.
The resolution ‘Raising the flags of non-member observer
States at the United Nations’ was adopted on Thursday by a vote of 119 in
favour to 8 against, with 45 delegations abstaining.
Voting against the resolution were Australia, Canada,
Israel, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, Tuvalu and
the United States.
By the terms of that text, the general assembly decided
that the flags of non-member observer states maintaining permanent observer
missions at headquarters shall be raised at headquarters and United Nations
offices following the flags of the members states of the organisation.
The assembly took the decision noting the participation
of non-member observer States that maintain permanent observer missions at
headquarters, of which there are currently two - the Holy See and Palestine,
in its sessions and work.
The text of the resolution also requested
secretary-general Ban Ki-moon to take “the measures necessary” for the
implementation of the decision during the assembly’s 70th session, which
begins on September 15, and within 20 days of the adoption of the