Who should control water Resources
Every State has Dispute in sharing water resources with its
Neighbouring state. Then and there problems arising between Peoples of two
states. They are not allowing neighboring state Vehicles to enter into their
state. Some parts of India are flooded with Rain, they don’t have place to live
till the flooded rain water gets drained, in some other parts people are longing
to get water for irrigation and their basic needs. We can stop all these if we
nationalize all water resources in India. But this is still under consideration
from Government side, but no steps have been taken to implement this. Putting
water on the Concurrent List is not necessarily an act of centralization, though
it could lead to such a development. That danger is real and needs to be
The Union Ministry of Water Resources has for long been
arguing for a shift of water to the Concurrent List without any serious
expectation of its happening, but has now begun to pursue the idea more
actively. The Ashok Chawla committee, which was primarily concerned with the
question of rationalizing the allocation of natural resources with a view to
reducing the scope for corruption, was reported by the media to have recommended
inter alia the shifting of water to the Concurrent List. There seems to be no
such specific recommendation in the draft of the Committee’s report that one has
seen, but the possibility is referred to in the text and there is an Annexe on
the subject. These developments have revived the old debate.
However the problems in implementing this I think are,
- At present Water Resources in India are under the control of respective
state government, to nationalize all water resources all state governments
must accept it.
- Detailed well planned architecture has to be prepared to connect all
rivers without any city gets affected.
- Lakhs and lakhs of Acres of Land will be needed to connect all rivers;
this must be taken care by the respective state government.
Nationalization of water resources has both merits and
demerits. Though it is a sensitive issue to be handled, considerations from
different state governments are to be looked before doing any proceedings in
this aspect. As different water resources cater different kinds of needs, it is
to be clearly understood what type of resources are to be nationalized.
- Nationalization can improve gross usage of water resources there by
- It creates employment to several people directly or indirectly
- Future scope of utility of these can be estimated and implemented