Literary work requires lot of effort and creativity,
writers spend lot of energy and resources to reach desired product.
Copyrights are issued in order to encourage this creative work and they
provide the mechanism to pass the benefits to the owner.
However, intellectual property rights are also generally
seen as an infringement on the basic human rights of the people. Debate has
been long present on how to build a correct balance between the economic
benefits of owner and rights of customer. Some consider IPR as an mechanism
which is discriminatory and it does not encourage the full participation of
population. Marrakesh treaty was signed in this regard to allow the persons
visual impairments or with print disability to get the benefits of
development in technology.
This treaty proclaims the “principles of
non-discrimination, equal opportunity, accessibility and full and effective
participation and inclusion in society, proclaimed in the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights and the United Nations Convention on the Rights
of Persons with Disabilities”.
Marrakesh treaty is an initiative of World intellectual
property organization. Treaty will come into force once 20 countries ratify it.
The main goal of Marrakesh Treaty is to create a set of mandatory limitations
and exceptions for the benefit of the blind, visually impaired and otherwise
print disabled. Basic condition of the treaty is that it’s signatories should
adopt a national law that will make available the published work in form that is
accessible for the persons with visual inability. Treaty also allows that
publication should be made available across border to the governmental or
non-governmental organizations working in this field. The majority of persons
with visual impairments or with other print disabilities are residing in
counties which are in not economically developed.