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# (IGP) IAS Pre Paper - 2: GS - Basic Numeracy - Percentage (MCQ -6)

## Basic Numeracy

Percentage (MCQ -6)

**1. The difference of two numbers is 20%of the larger
number. If the smaller number is 20, then the larger number is:**(a) 25

(b) 46

(c) 27

(d) 82

**2. When any number is divided by 12,
then dividend becomes 1/4th of the other number. By how much percent
first number is greater than the second number?**(a) 165

(b) 200

(c) 300

(d) 400

**3. If one number is 80% of the other and
4 times the sum of their squares is 656, then the numbers are:**(a) 6,8

(b) 8, 10

(c) 16, 20

(d) 10, 15

**4. Two numbers A and B are such that the
sum of 5% of A and 4% of B is two-third of the sum of 6% of A and 8%
of B. Find the ratio of A : B.**(a) 1 : 2

(b) 3 : 1

(c) 3 : 4

(d) 4 : 3

**5. Three candidates contested an
election and received 1136, 7636 and 11628 votes respectively. What
percentage of the total votes did the winning candidate get?**(a) 57%

(b) 77%

(c) 80%

(d) 90%

**6. The population of a town increased
from 1,75,000 to 2,62,500 in a decade. The average percent increase
of population per year is:**(a) 7%

(b) 5%

(c) 9%

(d) 8.75%

**7. A student multiplied a number by 3
instead of 5/3.What is the percentage error in the calculation?**(a) 36%

(b) 44%

(c) 55%

(d) 35%

**8. A tempo is insured to the extent of 4
5 of its original value. If the premium on it at the rate of 1.3
percent amounts to Rs. 910, the original value of the tempo is:**(a) Rs. 78,000

(b) Rs. 78,500

(c) Rs. 80,000

(d) Rs. 87,500

**9. When 15% is lost in
grinding wheat, a country can export 30 lakh tons of wheat. On the
other hand, if 10% is lost in grinding, it can export 40 lakh tons
of wheat. The production of wheat in the country is:**(a) 40 lakh tons

(b) 400 lakh tons

(c) 200 lakh tons

(d) 900 lakh tons

**10. In a competitive
examination in State A, 6% candidates got selected from the total
appeared candidates. State B had an equal number of candidates
appeared and 7% candidates got selected with 80more candidates got
selected than A. What was the number of candidates appeared from
each State?**(a) 7600

(b) 8000

(c) 8300

(d) 4000

**11. The price of a car
is Rs. 3,25,000. It was insured to 85% of its price. The car was
damaged completely in an accident and the insurance company paid 90%
of the insurance. What was the difference between the price of the
car and the amount received?**(a) Rs. 60,000

(b) Rs. 49,000

(c) Rs. 76,375

(d) Rs. 82,250

**12. The sum of the number of boys and
girls in a school is 150. If the number of boys is x, then the
number of girls becomes x% of the total number of students. The
number of boys is:**(a) 51

(b) 65

(c) 60

(d) 95

**13. In an examination of
n questions, a student replied 15 out of the first 20 questions
correctly. Of the remaining questions, he answered onethird
correctly. All the questions have the same credit. If the student
gets 50% marks, the value of n is:**

(a) 30

(b) 67

(c) 50

(d) 82

**14. The salaries of A and B together
amount to Rs. 2000. A spends 95% of his salary and B, 85% of his. If
now, their savings are the same, what is A’s salary?**(a) Rs. 850

(b) Rs. 1350

(c) Rs. 1500

(d) Rs. 1800

**15. A’s marks in Biology are 20 less
than 25% of the total marks obtained by him in Biology, Maths and
Drawing. If his marks in Drawing be 50,what are his marks in Maths?**(a) 60

(b) 47

(c) 63

(d) cannot be determined

**16. In an examination,
there are three papers and a candidate has to get 35% of the total
to pass. In one paper, he gets 62 out of 150 and in the second 35
out of 150. How much must he get, out of 180, in the third paper to
just qualify for a pass?**(a) 50.5

(b) 88

(c) 70

(d) 71

**17. In a History
examination, the average for the entire class was 80 marks. If 10%
of the students scored 95 marks and 20% scored 90 marks, what was
the average marks of the remaining students of the class?**(a) 60

(b) 72

(c) 75

(d) 85

**18. A scored 30% marks and failed by 15
marks. B scored 40% marks and obtained 35 marks more than those
required to pass. The pass percentage is:**(a) 33%

(b) 40%

(c) 34%

(d) 48%

**19. What is 40% of 40% equal to ? **(a) 0.16%

(b) 16%

(c) 1.6%

(d) 0.016%

**20. 9 : 4 = ?**

(a) 125%

(b) 200%

(c) 225%

(d) 250%

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