(IGP) IAS Pre Paper - 2: GS - Logical Reasoning & Analytical Ability - Statement and Assumptions (MCQ -2)

Logical Reasoning & Analytical Ability
Statement and Assumptions (MCQ -2)

Directions: In each questions below is given a Statement: followed by two Assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the Statements and the following Assumptions and decide  which of the Assumptions is implicit in the Statements? Give answer

(a) If only assumption I is implicit
(b) If only assumption II is implicit
(c) If neither I nor II is implicit
(d) If both I and II are implicit

1. Statement: “Invest in our regular scheme and earn an interest of at least 10%”. Advertisement by a financial institution.

I. 10% interest may attract a good number of investors.
II. No other scheme offers interest as high as 10%.

2. Statement: “For easier and faster communication, use our broadcast connections”. An advertisement.

I. Many people are looking up for best communication facilities.
II. Broad band connections are preferred mode of communication.

3. Statement: “Youmust refer to learn to dictionary, if you want to become a good writer”-A advises B.

Only writers refer to the dictionary.
II. All writers, good or bad, refer to the dictionary.

4. Statement: If it does not rain throughout this month, most farmers would be in trouble this year.

I. Timely rain is essential for farming.
II. Most of the farmers are generally dependent on rains.

5. Statement: A advises B- “If you want to study English, joint Institute Y.

I. B listens to A’s advice.
II. Institute Y provides good coaching for English.

6. Statement: The leader of the main opposition party asserted that the call for chakka jamturned out to be a great success in the entire State.

I. The people in future will support the main opposition party.
II. People probably are convinced about the reason behind the chakka strike call.

7. Statement: The bridge was built at the cost or Rs 128 crores and even civil bus service in not utilising it, what a pity to see it grocely under utilised’-A citizen’s view on a new flyover linking East and West sides of a suburb.

I. The building of such bridges does not serve any public objective.
II. There has to be some accountability and utility of money spent on public projects.

8. Statement: Use our product to improve memory of your child, it is based on natural herbs and has no harmful side effects’-Advertisement of a Pharmaceutical Company.

I. People generally opt for a medical product which is useful and has no harmful side effects.
II. Improving memory of child is considered as important by many parents.

9. Statement: Detergents should be used to clean clothes.

I. Detergents form more lather.
II. Detergents help to dislodge grease and dirt.

10. Statement: Most people who stop smoking gain weight.

I. If one stops smoking, one will gain weight.
II. If one does not stop smoking, one will not gain weight.

11. Statement: Postal rates have been increased to meet the deficit.

I. The present rates are very low.
II. If the rates are not increased, the deficit can not be met.

12. Statement: If degrees are declined with jobs, boys will think thrice before joining college.

I. Students join college education for getting jobs.
II. A degree is of no use for getting a job.

13. Statement: The next meeting of the Board of the Institute will be held after one year.

I. The Institute will remain in function after one year.
II. The Board will be dissolved after one year.

14. Statement: A sentence in the letter to the candidates called for written exams-”You have to bear your expenses on travel etc.”

I. If not clarified, all the candidates may claim reimbursement of expenses.
II. Many organisations reimburse expenses on travel to candidates called to written examination.

15. Statement: ‘The function will start at 3 pm. You are requested to take your seats before 3 pm.

I. If the invitee is not in his seat before 3 pm, the function will not start.
II. Function will start as scheduled.

16. Statement: Please consult me before making any decision on exports from the company.

I. You may take a wrong decision, if you don’t consult me.
II. It is important to take a right decision.

17. Statement: Warning : Cigarette smoking is injurious to health.

I. Non-smoking promotes health.
II. Really, this; warning is not necessary.

18. Statement: “Do not lean out of the door of the bus”-a warning in a school bus.

I. Leaning out of a running bus is dangerous.
II. Children do not pay any heed to such warnings.

19. Statement: “Enrol with us before 30thNovember to get the advantage of our 20% discount offer”. An advertisement by a coaching class.

I. Discount offer is bound to attract good students as well.
II. Even those students who cannot afford to pay the fees of coaching classes may join this class.

20. Statement: If you want to get a good job you must have at least the basic knowledge of computers.

I. All good jobs involve use of computers.
II. Computer knowledge has been made an essential criterion by most of the companies now a days.