Punjab Public Service Commission
Special Material For Punjab Public
Service Commission (PPSC) Pre Exam, 2012
Topic : Business and Trade
The trade of Punjab with other states comes within the
jurisdiction of internal trading only. It cannot be termed as international
trade as it remains within the boundaries of India. Punjab is an agricultural
state and lacks minerals. In such circumstances it is natural for Punjab to send
only agricultural produce to other states and will import minerals and goods
manufactured from them. Articles Exported to Other States by Punjab - The goods
or articles exported by Punjab to other states can be divided into ve parts.
Dear Candidate, This Material is from Punjab PSC Study Kit. For Details
1. Food Articles - These articles include pulses, sugar,
fruits, vegetables etc. There can be a further sub-division of these articles
into two parts.
(a) Food grains, Pulses and Flour - This category included
Grams, Gram-products like Besan, Gram-pulse etc. maize, millet, sorghum, rice,
wheat and wheat- our.
(b) Other Food Articles - The food articles imported to other
states include sugar, gur, fresh fruits and vegetables etc.
2. Livestock and their Products- This category includes
livestocks e.g. cows, buffaloes, heifers, horses, mules,-hides,. desi ghee and
raw wool. This category can be further divided into two parts:
(a) Livestock - Except sheep and goats other oattle are
exported to other state. These include horses and mules also.
(b) Livestock-Products - These include hides, leather, desi
ghee and wool etc.
3. Oil Seeds and their Products - Oil seeds include mainly
cottonseed, mustard, rapeseed, vegetable oils and oil cakes etc. As the
cultivation area of all the crops except wheat and rice is shrinking, same is
the position of oilseeds. Among oilseeds, the cultivation of sun ower is
gaining popularity these days.
4. Industrial Raw Material - Industrial raw material includes
mainly all kinds of cotton, cotton wool and timber.
5. Manufactured Goods - These goods include iron and steel
rods, sheets and girders etc. besides cement and hosiery goods. Goods
imported by Punjab from otherStates - The goods imported by Punjab can also be
divided into ve parts:
1. Food Articles - These can be further sub-divided into two
parts: Food Grains, Pulses etc. - After change of crop cycle in Punjab, the
state has to import those food grains, which it earlier exported to other
states. At present Punjab imports mainly grams, maize, sorghum, millet and mixed
(a) Other Food Articles - Other food articles include Sugar,
Gur, Tea and Salt etc. Although the number of sugar-mills in Punjab has reached
19 but the sugar prepared by them is not adequate to satisfy the needs of
2. Livestock and their Products -Punjab not only imports
livestock, it also imports the products of livestock like bones and raw wool.
3. Oilseeds and their Products - Punjab feels a shortage of
oil seeds and their products. Therefore, these are also imported in some
4. Industrial Raw Material - Punjab is progressing day by day
in the held of industry. Therefore, need for raw material is increasing
continuously. The state mainly imports cotton, raw jute, kerosene oil, coal,
manganese, mineral oil and timber. The reason for increased import of coal is
the increase in the generation capacity of Bhatinda and Ropar Thermal Plants.
5.Manufactured Goods - Punjab imports glass, jute sacks and
cloth, rods of iron and steel, sheets, girders etc. cement, metal products and