Punjab Public Service Commission (PPSC)
Mains Examination Syllabus - Political Science and
PAPER - I
Political Theory and Indian Politics:
1. Political Theory: meaning and approaches.
2. Theories of the State: Liberal, Neo-liberal, Marxist,
Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.
3. Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to
Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.
4. Equality: Social, political and economic; relationship
between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
5. Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights;
concept of Human Rights.
6. Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different
models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.
7. Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
8. Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism,
Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.
9. Indian Political Thought : Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and
Buddhist traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R.
Ambedkar, M.N. Roy .
10. Western Political Thought: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli,
Hobbes, Locke, John S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.
Indian Government and Politics:
1. Indian Nationalism:
(a) Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle:
Constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience;
Militant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements.
(b) Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal,
Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.
2. Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the
British rule; different social and political perspectives.
3. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble,
Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and
Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.
4. (a) Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged
role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.
(b) Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role
and actual working of
the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.
5. Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal
Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements.
6. Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission,
Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service
Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for
Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights
Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes
7. Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of
centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations;
8. Planning and Economic Development : Nehruvian and Gandhian
perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms
and agrarian relations; liberalization and economic reforms.
9. Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
10. Party System: National and regional political parties,
ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics;
Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile
11. Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights
movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements.
PAPER – II
Comparative Politics and International Relations
Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics:
1. Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches;
political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the
2. State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and
changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and,
advanced industrial and developing societies.
3. Politics of Representation and Participation: Political
parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and
4. Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing
5. Approaches to the Study of International Relations:
Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.
6. Key concepts in International Relations: National
interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational
actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.
7. Changing International Political Order:
(a) Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological
Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat;
(b) Nonaligned movement: Aims and achievements;
(c) Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American
hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.
8. Evolution of the International Economic System: From
Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual
Economic Assistance); Third World demand for new international economic order;
Globalisation of the world economy.
9. United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record;
specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.
10. Regionalisation of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC,
11. Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights,
environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
India and the World:
1. Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy;
institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.
2. India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement:
Different phases; current role.
3. India and South Asia:
(a) Regional Co-operation: SAARC – past performance and
(b) South Asia as a Free Trade Area.
(c) India’s “Look East” policy.
(d) Impediments to regional co-operation: river water
disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies;
4. India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and
Latin America; leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.
5. India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan,
China and Russia.
6. India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand
for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.
7. India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and
8. Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s
position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing
relations with US and Israel; vision of a new world order.
Courtesy : ppsc.gov.in