Punjab Public Service Commission (PPSC)
Preliminary Examination Syllabus - Psychology
1. Introduction to psychology.—Concept and definition
of psychology. Nature and Scope. Branches of psychology. Application of
psychology to society and social problems.
2. Methods in Psychology.—Characteristics of
psychological studies, Observation.
Survey method, Clinical and case study method. Experimental
method. Application of the method.
3. Quantitative Analysis.—Measures of central tendency
and dispersion. Correlation.
Levels of measurement. Reliability and validity. Application
in test construction.
4. Physiological Psychology.—Structure of neuron,
nerve impulses, synapse and neurotransmitters. Central and peripheral nervous
system—Structure and neural control of behaviour. Hemispheric specialisation.
Endocrine system and hormonal control of behaviour.
Application of hemispheric knowledge to diagnostic purposes.
5. Development of human behaviour.—Individual
Differences : Heredity and environment. Life span development. Role of early
experience and mastering of developmental tasks. Sensitive or critical periods
of development in human life cycle and its application.
6. Perception.—Perceptual processes. Perceputal
organisation. Perception of form, colour, depth and time. Perceptual readiness
and constancy. Role of motivation, social and cultural factors in perception.
Application of knowledge of perception to skill development (e.g. for
certainjobs like that of driving, airline pilots etc.)
7. Learning.—Classical conditioning and operant
conditioning. Modeling and observational learning. Transfer of training.
Learning and motivation. Application of the above to the improvement of academic
performance in education.
8. Memory.—Physiological basis of memory. Memory and
forgetting. Measurement of memory (Recall, Recognition, Relearning). Short term
and long term memory. Theories of forgetting (Decay and Interference theories
and Repressive forgetting). Application of Mnemonic devices etc. to improving
9. Cognition and Language.—Concept of formation.
Nature and development of thinking. Language and thought and acquisition of
language. Problem solving. Creative thinking and its applications.
10. Intelligence and Aptitude.—Definition and concept.
Theories and models of Intelligence. Measurement of intelligence and aptitude.
Exceptional intelligence. Mental retardation. Concepts of multiple, emotional
and artificial intelligence and their application.
11. Motivation and Emotion.—Definition and concept of
instinct, needs, drives and motives. Theories of motivation and their
application (drive reduction theory, Maslow’s motivational hierarchy). Social
motivation: Achievement, power, affiliation motives and influence of early
experiences. Physiological basis of emotion. Theories of emotion (James-Lange
and Cannon-Bard theories, cognitive physiological theory).
12. Personality.—Concepts and Definition of
personality. Study of personality (Trait, type and electric approaches)
Development of personality (Freud, Erikson, Biological and sociocultural
determinants). Measurement of Personality (Projective tests, pencil-paper
Application of personality profiles in fitting a person to a
13. Adjustment and Stress.—Concept and definition.
Factors affecting adjustment (frustration and conflict). Sources of stress and
reactions to stress. Coping with stress. Application of stress management
14. Social Behaviour.—Socio-cultural factors and
behaviour, Development of attitudes, stereotypes and prejudice, Measurement of
Attitudes (Thurstone, Likert attitude scales and Bogardus Social Distance
scale). Strategies for reducing prejudice and changing attitude. Person
perception, implicit personality theory and integrating impressions. Application
of person perception to impression management.
15. Application of Psychology.—Health and mental
health (yoga, meditation and relaxation therapies). Education (Programmed
learning, self instructional learning and learning styles). Community (self help
through group cohesiveness and leadership). Industry (Assessment center approach
in selection, recruitment and training). Environment (man-nature interaction,
personal space concept, pollution reduction). Information Technology
(Application to commercial, educational and health areas).
Courtesy : ppsc.gov.in