(Syllabus) Punjab PSC (Pre) : Combined State Civil Services Exam - Sociology

Punjab Public Service Commission



Unit I : Basic Concepts :

  • Society, community, association, institution, Culture: culture change, diffusion, Cultural:  tag, Cultural relativism, ethnocentrism, acculturation.
  • Social Groups: primary, secondary and reference groups. Social structure, social system, social action. Status and role, role conflict, role set.
  • Norms and values: conformity and deviance, Law and customs. Socio-cultural processes : socialisation, assimilation, integration, cooperation, competition, conflict, accommodation, social distance, relative deprivation.

Unit II : Marriage, Family and Kinship :

  • Marriage : types and forms, marriage as contract, and as a sacrament.
  • Family : types, functions and changes.
  • Kinship : terms and usages, rules of residence, descent, inheritance.

Unit III : Social Stratification :

  • Forms and functions; Caste and Class. Jajmani system, purity and pollution, dominant caste, sanskritisation.

Unit IV : Types of Society :

  • Tribal, agrarian, industrial and post-industrial.

Unit V : Economy and Society :

  • Man, nature and social production, economic systems of simple and complex societies, noneconomic determinants of economic behaviour, market (free) economy and controlled (planned) economy.

Unit VI : Industrial and Urban Society :

  • Rural: Urban Continuum, urban growth and urbanisation: town, city and metropolis; basic features of industrial society; impact of automation of society; industrialisation and environment.

Unit VII : Social Demography :

  • Population size, growth, composition and distribution in India; components of population growth: births, deaths and migration; causes and consequences of population growth; population and social development; population policy.

Unit VIII : Political Processes :

  • Power, authority and legitimacy; political socialisation; political modernisation, pressure groups; caste and politics.

Unit IX : Weaker Sections and Minorities :

  • Social justice: equal opportunity and special opportunity; protective discrimination; constitutional safeguards.

Unit X : Social Change :

  • Theories of change; factors of change; science, technology and change. Social movements:  Peasant Movement, Women’s Movement, Backward Caste Movement, Dalit Movement.