Railway Budget by Honorable Suresh Prabhu
How Railway budget is important for UPSC aspirant-
Railway mentioned as part of infrastructure in GS paper 3. Knowing the
important bottlenecks and advantages with railway will help you to write better
answer and also to integrate with other infrastructure issues. The committee and
the recommendation (which added at the end of the report) might be asked in
Focus- Common man, putting speed, scale, service and safety
Introduction: Railway makes the cheapest and most convenient way of
communication on land. It’s having significance of moving goods and people. The
major problem associated with the movement which is not up to the mark. Goods
and passenger trains having less than 25 km/hr average speed which creates
hurdle in doing business. Along with the speed, the efficiency and clearance
requirement also have additional delay. Agriculture product is difficult to
transport because of shelf life issue of the product. The issue of safety has
also a fear impact on the people.
Other major issues are chronic underinvestment in Railways which led
to congestion and over-utilization, cleanliness, ticketing, catering,
technological advancement, train capacity. The better and faster service will
help the economy and customer experience.
Some important Data-
- Plan outlay- 1 lakh crore for 2015-16.
- 8.5 lakh crore to be invested in next five year
- Increase freight rates on coal, iron ore and steel. (may have some
Inter-metro trains with high speeds planned in line with Japan and
China “Bullet Train”. The White Paper on the status of Mumbai-Ahmedabad high
speed corridor, Chennai-Bengaluru-Mysuru high speed corridor referred and
financial viability is being evaluated for their implementation.
Investment and well defined priorities will bring the Railway on
virtuous cycle. The money requirement will be managed by the budgetary support,
the market borrowing, and from World Bank, Asian Development Bank (ADB),
International Finance Corporation (IFC).
Vicious Cycle to Virtuous Cycle- Greater investment will generate
higher revenues and better service delivery. This will help in improving the
railway from the current vicious cycle of under-investment which has caused
deprived capacity augmentation and so the quality of services.
Hinterland connectivity- Vast tracts of hinterland waiting for rail
connectivity which will bring the hinterland (A remote and undeveloped area) in
main stream economy. (Also important with respect to port development.)
This year Railway budget has special mention of Gandhi circuit for the
promotion of tourism which have great potential for job creation and
economic development of a region. Indian Railway will join the hand to make
Incredible India by the effort of Incredible Rail.
“India has fourth largest railway networks in world's comprising 115,000 km.”
Building partnership with various stakeholders; standard for governance;
leveraging additional resources; various strategies for long, medium and short
term; revamping management (operation) practice will be the 5 drivers of
11 major thrust areas for the development and measures to enhance
- Cleanliness- in line with SBA (Swachch Bharat Abhiyan). Method to apply-
Integrated cleaning, new toilets, ‘waste-to-energy’ conversion plants.
- Bed linen- disposable bed rolls,
- Helpline and grievance Redressal- 138 and 182 respectively.
- Station Facility
- Train capacity augmentation
- Comfortable travel- special emphasis to senior citizen, women, and
Expand Rail capacity- by increasing daily passenger capacity,
increasing annual freight capacity, and increasing track length.
“There are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites on Indian Railways: The
Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Mountain Railways of India.”
Technological addition: Surveillance cameras (which has got attention
on the privacy issue of women), Geo-spatial technology (audio-visual warning at
unmanned level crossing), Train collision Avoidance system.
Sam Pitroda Panel Report on Railways Modernization – Over 8 lakh crore
to be spend to modernize the railway
Kakodkar committee report on High Level Safety Review Committee
(Railways)- Recommended 1, 00,000 crore plan on railway safety. Also to
implement the Advance Signalling System, Elimination of All Level Crossings
(manned and unmanned both), much safer LHB design coaches, Maintenance of safety
Infrastructure is crucial for the development of a nation. Discuss the
various bottlenecks in the Indian Railway development and strategy to
Railway budget 2015 has made an attempt to meet the aspirations of
common man. Discuss the various aspirations of common man and the meeting
ground created by Railway budget.
Click Here to read Economic Survey 2015 Analysis for Civil Services Aspirants
Click Here to read Budget 2015-16 Analysis for Civil Services Aspirants