Sample Material of Our Online Coaching Programme
Subject: Economic & Social Development
Topic: Important Indices
Ques. 1 : What do you mean by Global Hunger Index?
Ans. The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a
multidimensional statistical tool used to describe the state of countries’
hunger situation. The Index is developed by the International Food Policy
Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington. Irish NGO Concern Worldwide joined the
group as co-publisher later. India has been ranked 67, below neighbouring
countries like China and Pakistan. The index rated 81 countries on the basis of
three leading indicators- prevalence of child malnutrition, rate of child
mortality, and the proportion of people who are calorie deficient.
China is rated much ahead of India at the fourth place, while
Pakistan is at the 59th place on the 2011. In India, the high Index scores are
driven by high levels of child underweight resulting from the low nutritional
and social status of women in the country, the report pointed out, adding that
India alone accounts for a large share of the world’s undernourished children.
Ques. 2 : Write a short notes on Global Gender Gap Index 2011?
Ans. According to the Global Gender Gap report issued
by World Economic Forum, India is ranked 113 out of total 135 countries. Iceland
topped the Global Gender Gap rankings showing greatest equality between men and
women, followed by Norway, Finland, Sweden, and New Zealand respectively. Yemen
was last in the list at 135.
The Global Gender Gap Report assesses 135 countries on how
well they divide resources and opportunities amongst male and female
populations. Gap is measured in the areas of economic participation and port
unity, educational attainment, political empowerment, and health and survival.
The lower literacy rate of females (54%) in India is a prime
reason of the gender gap. Though India’s higher Education system is third
largest in the world, after China and the U.S.A. still the country manages a
Literacy rate of just 65% and females stand far behind.
The report alarms India to take urgent steps to make women as
equal partners in the society and eliminate tender inequality. Lesser gender
gaps would also bring in an environment for the country to grow and prosper.
“Girls and women make up half of the world’s population and without their
engagement, empowerment and contribution, we cannot hope to achieve a rapid
economic recovery nor effectively tackle global za1lenges such as climate change
food security and conflict,” said Klaus Schwab, founder and executive chairman,
WEF, while releasing the report.
Not all sectors are seen as laggards when it comes to
empowering women. Says Poornima Shenoy, President, India Semiconductor
Association: “It is definitely heartening to see girls competing at every level
with the boys. In the tech sector, we see a high percentage of girls joining the
work stream. There are fewer women joining the hardware space due to
preconceived notions which we need to actively address. My level of concern
comes at the senior executive positions. We have only 2-3 per cent of positions
filled by women at decision maker levels. This is due to the higher dropout rate
at the mid management positions. It is often difficult for women to support
children’s education needs, family responsibilities and increasing work
pressures. Work today extends beyond office hours making women have to burn the
candle at both ends. Mentoring and coaching by organisations are important at
“Indian women have come a long way as they have started to
make significant contribution in the corporate world, but few swallows don’t
make a summer, India Inc has to go a long way in terms of gender equality at
employment. Increased deployment of IT in the corporate sector, including areas
such as automated process controls etc which traditionally were male dominated,
has opened new vistas for women. Further, the growth of the IT and electronics
industry itself - software, services has been a great blessing in terms of
creating job opportunities for the fairer sex”.