Northern most part of the Himalayan Range is the world’s highest part
with an average altitude of 6100 m above sea level.
Include the world’s highest peak, Mt. Everest (8,848 m) and other high
peaks-Makalu (8,481 m), Mansalu (8,156 m), Annapurna (8,,078 m) and also the
Indian peak Manghenjunga (8,598 m) and Nanga Parbat (8,126 m).
Includes some famous passes—Burzil and Zozi La in Kashmir, Shipki La and
Bara Lapcha La in Himachal Pradesh, Thaga La, Niti Pass, and Lipu Lekh in
U.P., Jelep La and Nathu La in Sikkim.
Situated on the western part of the Greater Himlaya and to the south of
Nanaga Parbat (8,126 m)
Forms the north-west part of Zaskar Range but geographically confined to
Kashmir-Himachal Pradesh- Garhwal region.
Second highest peak of the Himalayan Range in India.
Dhaulagiri (8,172 m)
Eastern continuation of Nanga Parbat and is located in Nepal.
2. Lesser Himalaya or Himachal
Lying to the north of Siwalik Range they are separated from the Siwalik
Range by Duns— Dehradun, Kothridun and Patlidun.
(I) PIR PANJAL RANGE
Located in Kashmir—Punjab and extends from the Jhelum River to the upper
Beas River for over 300 km.
Separated from the Zaskar Range by the valley of Kashmir.
Southern most range of the Lessers Himalaya.
Rarely attains elevations higher than 4,000 m.
Continue eastward into Mahabharat Range.
3. Siwalik Range
Estends from Jammu & Kashmir (150 km wide) to Arunchal Pradesh (8-15 km)
over 2400 km.
Also known as Sub-Himalaya or Outer Himalaya.
Northern limit—Main Boundary Thrust which separates Outer Himalaya
fromthe Lesser Himalaya. Its southern limit is Indo Gangetic Plain.
Youngest part of mountain chain, stretching from the Brahmputra to the