(Sample Material) IAS Online Coaching : India & World Geography - "South America"

Sample Material of Our Online Coaching Programme

Subject: India & World Geography

Topic: South America

Buy GS Paper 1 Study Kit in Hard Copy

For Full Material Join Online Crash Course for UPSC PRE Exam

Latitude: 12028'N to 55059'S  Longitude : 28051'W to 920W Area: 1,7835,000-sq. km (approximately)

Size and Shape: Fourth largest continent and roughly triangular in shape.

Situation: Situated to the south of North America, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere. It is surrounded by the Caribbean Sea in the north, Atlantic Ocean in the east, Antarctic Ocean in the south and Pacific Ocean in the west.

Extent: North-South : 7640 km East-West : 4990 km

South America as well as Mexico, Central America and West Indies are collectively known as Latin America.


Important Gulfs, Peninsulas and Straits



Gulf of Guayaquil

West of Ecuador in the Pacific Ocean.

Gulf of Penas

Southern Chile in the Pacific Ocean

Gulf of San Jorge

East of Argentina in the Atlantic Ocean.

Gulf of San Matias

North of Valdes Peninsula (Argentina) in the Atlantic Ocean.

Taitao Peninsula

Surrounded by Gulf of Penas and the Pacific Ocean in Southern Chile

Valdes Peninsula (Argentina)

Lowest part of South America surrounded by Gulf of San Matias (North), Gulf of San Jose (West), Gulf of Nuero and the Atlantic Ocean.

Magellan’s Strait

Separates southern end of South America, the Tierra Del Fuego.

Drake Passage

Strait between South America and Antarctica.

Important Lakes and Islands



Lake Maracaibo (12,950 sq. km

  • North of Venezuela, is one of the major oil producing region.

  • Largest lake of South America.

Lake Titicaca (12,500 feet above sea level)

  • Situated between Bolivia and Peru.

  • Highest navigable lake in the world.

Lake Popo

  • Lies in the Altiplano (high Plateau between the Andes mountain chain) in Bolivia.

Galapagos Islands

  • Home of many unique species of reptiles (turtles), birds and fishes.

Click Here for Sample MCQ

Buy GS Paper 1 Study Kit in Hard Copy

For Full Material Join Online Crash Course for UPSC PRE Exam

<< Go Back to Main Page