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It is found between 5º and 10º north and south of the
It is dominantly found in the lowlands of the Amazon, the
Congo, Malaysia and the East Indies.
There is great uniformity of temperature throughout the
The mean monthly temperatures are always around 24 to 27ºC,
with very little variation.
There is no winter.
The diurnal and annual range of temperature is small.
Precipitation is heavy between 6o inches and 10 inches, and
well distributed throughout the year.
The double rainfall peaks, coinciding with the equinoxes are
a characteristics feature of it.
It support a luxuriant type of vegetation – the tropical
Amazon tropical rain forest is known as Selvas.
It comprises a multitude of evergreen trees that yield
tropical hardwood, e.g. mahogany, ebony, greenheart, cabinet wood. And
Lianas, epiphytic and parasitic plants are also found.
Trees of single species are very scarce in such vegetation.
The equatorial regions are generally sparsely populated.
In the forests, most primitive people live as hunters and
collectors and the more advanced ones practice shifting cultivation.
Some plantation crops are also practiced like natural
rubber, cocoa, etc.
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