Science and Technology Infrastructure: Scientific
and technological activities in India are carried out under a wide set-up
consisting of Central government, State Governments, higher educational
sector, pubic and private sector industry and non-profit
institutions/associations. Notable among these are: the Council of
Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR); Indian Council of Agricultural
Research (ICAR); and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). In addition,
there are many laboratories of various departments / ministries, viz.
Department of Atomic Energy, Department of Electronics, Department of Space,
Department of Ocean Development. Defence Research and Development
Organisation, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Ministry of
Non-Conventional Energy Sources and the Ministry of Science and Technology.
Further, there are over 1,200 in-house research and development units in
industrial undertakings supporting research in their respective industries.
New Science and Technology Policy 2003 : The
policy outlines the approach to S & T governance, optimal utilisation of
existing physical and knowledge resources, development of innovative
technologies, systems and technologies for mitigation and management of
natural hazards, generation and management of intellectual property and
creation of awareness amongst general masses about the use and benefits of
science and technology.
The Department of Science and Technology has been playing
a crucial role in identifying and promoting front-line and priority areas on
Research and Development (R&D) in various disciplines of science and
engineering. This support is provided through (Science and Engineering
Research Council (SERC) - an advisory body consisting of eminent scientists
and technologists draw) from academic institutions like IITs, universities,
national laboratories and industry. The Council through its advisory
committees, assists the Department not only in peer reviewing the proposals
but also identifies newer and inter-disciplinary areas of R&D for concerted
Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) has been
established by the Department in 2010 as an autonomous body for promoting
basic research. The Board is expected to play a major role in promotion of
extra mural research in the country.
Assessing the importance of the emerging, highly
interdisciplinary field of Nanoscience and Technology, (a national programme
titled “Nanomaterials Science and Technology Initiative (NSTI)” has been
started. The programme focuses at overall research and development in
nanoscience and technology) with givour so that India can become a
significant player in the area and contribute to the development of new
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of India’s
Independence, the Government launched (Swaranjayanti Fellowships for
enabling outstanding young scientists to attain world class levels in
science). The Fellowships are open to (Indian scientists in the age group of
30-40 years), with proven capability for outstanding research work exploring
new frontiers in their field of specialisation.
Infrastructure Development: ‘Intensifica-tion of Research
in High Priority Areas’ - IRHPA has helped in strengthening the
infrastructure and research capabilities in selected areas of science and
In order to provide and improve basic infrastructure in
academic sector for research and teaching a scheme viz. (Fund for
Improvement of S&T Infrastructure in Universities and Higher Educational
Institutions (FIST) was initiated during the 9th Five Year Plan).
Human Resource Development: In order (to motivate bright
young minds at their secondary school / college levels and to encourage them
to stick on to a career in science, a new scheme called Kishore Vaigyanik
Protsahan Yojana has been initiated).
Women Scientists Scheme (was launched during the year
2002 by the Department of Science and Technology. The scheme provides
support to women scientists, with or without a break in career, to pursue
science in all its aspects and encourage them to continue in the scientific
profession and also contribute towards application of science and technology
to societal development.