Union Public Service Commission
Special Class Railway Apprentices
SYLLABUS (Paper - 1)
(I) ENGLISH: The questions will be designed to test the candidates'
understanding and command of the language.
(II) GENERAL KNOWLEDGE: The questions will be designed
to test a candidate’s general awareness of the environment around him/her and
its application to society. The standard of answers to questions should be as
expected of students of standard 12 or equivalent.
Man and his environment: Evolution of life, plants and
animals, heredity and environment-Genetics, cells, chromosomes, genes.
Knowledge of the human body-nutrition, balanced diet, substitute foods, public
health and sanitation including control of epidemics and common diseases.
Environmental pollution and its control. Food adulteration, proper storage and
preservation of food grains and finished products, population explosion,
population control. Production of food and raw materials. Breeding of animals
and plants, artificial insemination, manures and fertilizers, crop protection
measures, high yielding varieties and green revolution, main cereal and cash
crops of India.
Solar system and the earth. Seasons, Climate, Weather,
Soil—its formation, erosion. Forests and their uses. Natural calamities
cyclones, floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions. Mountains and rivers and
their role in irrigation in India. Distribution of natural resources and
industries in India. Exploration of under—ground minerals including Oil
Conservation of natural resources with particular reference to the flora and
fauna of India.
History, Politics and Society in India: Vedic, Mahavir,
Budhdha, Mauryan, Sunga, Andhra, Kushan. Gupta ages (Mauryan Pillars, Stupa
Caves, Sanchi, Mathura and Gandharva Schools, Temple architecture, Ajanta and
Ellora). The rise of new social forces with the coming of Islam and
establishment of broader contacts. Transition from feudalism to capitalism.
Opening of European contacts. Establishment of British rule in India. Rise of
nationalism and national struggle for freedom culminating in Independence.
Constitution of India and its characteristic features:
Democracy, Secularism, Socialism, equality of opportunity and Parliamentary form
Major political ideologies: Democracy, Socialism, Communism
and Gandhian idea of non-violence. Indian political parties, pressure groups,
public opinion and the Press, electoral system. India’s foreign policy and
non-alignment-Arms race, balance of power.
World organisation: political, social, economic and cultural.
Important events (including sports and cultural activities) in India and abroad
during the past two years.
Broad features of Indian social system: The caste system,
hierarchy — recent changes
and trends. Minority social institution — marriage, family, religion and
acculturation. Division of labour, co-operation, conflict and competition,
Social control — reward and punishment, art, law, customs, propaganda, public
opinion, agencies of social control — family, religion, State educational
institutions; factors of social change — economic, technological, demographic,
cultural; the concept of revolution.
Social disorganisation in India: Casteism, communalism,
corruption in public life, youth unrest, beggary, drugs, delinquency and crime,
poverty and unemployment. Social planning and welfare in India, community
development and labour welfare; welfare of Scheduled Castes and Backward
Money: Taxation, price, demographic trends, national income,
economic growth. Private and Public Sectors; economic and non-economic factors
in planning, balanced versus imbalanced growth, agricultural versus industrial
development; inflation and price stabilization, problem of resource mobilisation.
India’s Five Year Plans.
(iii) Psychological Test: The questions will be designed to assess the
basic intelligence and mechanical aptitude of the candidate.