Union Public Service Commission
SYLLABI FOR THE EXAMINATION
PAPER - I
FUNDAMENTALS OF SOCIOLOGY
1. Sociology - The Discipline: (a) Modernity and social changes in Europe
and emergence of sociology. (b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other
social sciences. (c) Sociology and common sense.
2. Sociology as Science: (a) Science, scientific method and
critique. (b) Major theoretical strands of research methodology. (c) Positivism
and its critique. (d) Fact value and objectivity. (e) Non- positivist
3. Research Methods and Analysis: (a) Qualitative and
quantitative methods. (b) Techniques of data collection. (c) Variables,
sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.
4. Sociological Thinkers: (a) Karl Marx- Historical
materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle. (b) Emile Durkheim-
Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society. (c) Max Weber-
Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the
spirit of capitalism. (d) Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables. (e)
Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance,
reference groups. (f) Mead - Self and identity.
5. Stratification and Mobility: (a) Concepts- equality,
inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation. (b) Theories of
social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian
theory. (c) Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender,
ethnicity and race. (d) Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of
mobility, sources and causes of mobility.
6. Works and Economic Life: (a) Social organization of work
in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial
/capitalist society. (b) Formal and informal organization of work. (c) Labour
7. Politics and Society: (a) Sociological theories of power.
(b) Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties. (c)
Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology. (d) Protest,
agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.
8. Religion and Society: (a) Sociological theories of
religion. (b) Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects,
cults. (c) Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization,
religious revivalism, fundamentalism.
9. Systems of Kinship: (a) Family, household, marriage. (b)
Types and forms of family. (c) Lineage and descent. (d) Patriarchy and sexual
division of labour. (e) Contemporary trends. 10. Social Change in Modern
Society: (a) Sociological theories of social change. (b) Development and
dependency. (c) Agents of social change. (d) Education and social change. (e)
Science, technology and social change.
PAPER - II
INDIAN SOCIETY : STRUCTURE AND CHANGE
A. Introducing Indian Society: (i) Perspectives on the study of Indian
society: (a) Indology (GS. Ghurye). (b) Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).
(c) Marxist sociology (A R Desai). (ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian
society : (a) Social background of Indian nationalism. (b) Modernization of
Indian tradition. (c) Protests and movements during the colonial period. (d)
B. Social Structure: (i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:
(a) The idea of Indian village and village studies. (b) Agrarian social
structure - evolution of land tenure system, land reforms. (ii) Caste System:
(a) Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis
Dumont, Andre Beteille. (b) Features of caste system. (c) Untouchability - forms
and perspectives. (iii) Tribal communities in India: (a) Definitional problems.
(b) Geographical spread. (c) Colonial policies and tribes. (d) Issues of
integration and autonomy. (iv) Social Classes in India: (a) Agrarian class
structure. (b) Industrial class structure. (c) Middle classes in India. (v)
Systems of Kinship in India: (a) Lineage and descent in India. (b) Types of
kinship systems. (c) Family and marriage in India. (d) Household dimensions of
the family. (e) Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour. (vi)
Religion and Society: (a) Religious communities in India. (b) Problems of
C. Social Changes in India: (i) Visions of Social Change in
India: (a) Idea of development planning and mixed economy. (b) Constitution, law
and social change. (c) Education and social change. (ii) Rural and Agrarian
transformation in India: (a) Programmes of rural development, Community
Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes. (b) Green
revolution and social change. (c) Changing modes of production in Indian
agriculture . (d) Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration. (iii)
Industrialization and Urbanisation in India: (a) Evolution of modern industry in
India. (b) Growth of urban settlements in India. (c) Working class: structure,
growth, class mobilization. (d) Informal sector, child labour. (e) Slums and
deprivation in urban areas. (iv) Politics and Society:
(a) Devastating Nation, democracy and Devastating
citizenship. (b) Political parties, pressure groups , social and political
elite. (c) Regionalism and decentralization of power. (d) Secularization (v)
Social Movements in Modern India: (a) Peasants and farmers movements. (b)
Women’s movement. (c) Backward classes & Dalit movement. (d) Environmental
movements. (e) Ethnicity and Identity movements. (vi) Population Dynamics: (a)
Population size, growth, composition and distribution. (b) Components of
population growth: birth, death, migration. (c) Population policy and family
planning. (d) Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality,
reproductive health. (vii) Challenges of Social Transformation: (a) Crisis of
development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability. (b)
Poverty, deprivation and inequalities. (c) Violence against women. (d) Caste
conflicts. (e) Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism. (f)
Illiteracy and disparities in education.