(Syllabus) TELUGU - UPSC MAINS EXAM 2011


Union Public Service Commission




(Answers must be written in Telugu) : Section-A - Language
1. Place of Telugu among Dravidian languages and its antiquity-Etymological history of Telugu, Tenugu and Andhra.
2. Major linguistic changes in phonological, morphological, grammatical and Dravidian to old Telugu and from old Telugu to Modern Telugu.
3. Evolut ion of spoken Telugu when compared to classical Telugu-Formal and functional view of Telugu language.
4. Influence of other languages and its impact on Telugu.
5. Modernization of Telugu language. (a) Linguistic and literary movements and thei r role in modernizat ion of Telugu. (b) Role of media in modernization of Telugu (Newspapers, Radio, TV etc.) mechanisms in coining new terms in Telugu in various discourses including scientific and technical.
6. Dialects of Telugu-Regional and social variations and problems of standardization.
7. Syntax-Major divisions of Telugu sentences-simple, complex and comp of nominlization and relativization-Direct and indirect reporting-conversion processes.
8. Translation-Problems of translation, cultural, social and idiomatic-Methods of translation-Approaches to translation-Literary and other kinds of translation-various uses of translation.

Section-B- Literature
1. Li terature in Pre-Nannaya Per iodMarga and Desi poetry.
2. Nannaya Period-Historical and Mahabharata.
3. Saiva poets and their contribution Udaharana.
4. Tikkana and his place in Telugu literature.
5. Errana and his literary works-Nachana Somana and his new approach to poetry.
6. Srinatha and Potana-Their woks and contribution.
7. Tallapaka Annamayya, Ramadasu, Tyagayya.
8. Evolution of prabandhas-Kavya and prabandha.
9. Southern school of Telugu literature, Chemakura Vankatakavi and women poets-Literary forms like yakshagana, prose and padakavita.
10. Modern Telugu Literature and literary forms-Novel, Short Story, Drama, Playlet and poetic forms.
11. Literary Movements : Reformation, Nationalism, Neo-classicism, Romanticism and Progressive, Revolutionary movements.
12. Digambarakavulu, Feminist and Dalit Literature.
13. Main divisions of folk literature-Performing folk arts.


(Answers must be written in Telugu) This paper will require first hand reading of the prescribed texts and will be designed to test the candidate's critical ability, which wi l l be in relat ion to the fol lowing approaches.

i ) Vakroti and Auchitya-Formal and Structural-Imagery and Symbolism.
ii) Sociological, Historical, Ideological, Psychological approaches.

1. (Adiparva 4th Cantoverses 5-109)
2. (Udyoga parva -3rd Canto verses 1- 144)
3. Sr inatha-Guna Nidhi Katha (Kasi - khandam, 4th Canto, verses 76-133)
4. Pingali Surana-Sugatri Salinulakatha (Kalapurnodayamu 4 Canto verses, 60-142)
5. Molla-Ramayanamu (Balakanda including avatarika)
6. Kasula Purushothama Kavi-Andhra Nayaka Satakamu

7. (Short stories)
8. Viswanatha Satyanarayana-Andhra prasasti
9. Krishnapaksham (excluding Urvasi and Pravasam)
10. Sri Sri-Maha prastanam.
11. Jashuva-Gabbilam (Part I)
12. C. Narayana Reddy-Karpuravasanta rayalu.
13. Kanuparti Varalakshmamma-Sarada lekhalu (Part I)
14. Atreya-N.G.O.
15. Racha konda Visswanatha SastryAlpajaeevi.

Part: 2 History of Tamil Literature Tolkappiyam-Sangam Literatue-The division of Akam and puram-The secular characteristics of Sangam Literature-The dev e l o p m e n t o f E t h i c a l l i t e r a t u r e - Silappadikaram and Manimekalai.

Part: 3 Devotional literature (Alwars and Nayanmars) The bridal mysticism in Alwar hymns-Minor literary forms (Tutu, Ula, Parani, Kuravanji) Social factors for the development of Modern Tamil literature: Novel, Short story and New Poetry-The impact of various political ideologies on modern writings.

Part:1 Recent trends in Tamil Studies
Approaches to criticism: Social, psychological, historical and moralistic-the use of criticism-the various techniques in literature: Otturuvagam (allegory), Angadam (Satire), Meyppadu, Padimam(image), Kuriyeedu (Symbol)  Irunmai (ambiguity)-The concept of comparative literature-the principle of comparative literature.

Part: 2 Folk literature in Tamil: Ballads, Songs, proverbs and riddles-Sociological study of Tamil folklore. Uses of translationTranslation of Tamil works into other lang u a g e s -De v e l o pme n t o f j o u r n a l i sm i n Tamil.

Part: 3 Cultural Heritage of the Tamils Concept of Love and War-Concept of Aramthe ethical codes adopted by the ancient Tamils in their warfare-customs, beliefs, rituals, modes of worship in the five Thinais. The cultural changes as revealed in post sangam literature-cultural fusion in the medieval period (Jainism & Buddhism). The development of arts and architecture through the ages (Pallavas, later cholas, and Nayaks). The impact of various political, social, religious and cultural movements on Tamil Society. The role of mass media in the cultural change of contemporary Tamil society.