Union Public Service Commission
SYLLABI FOR THE EXAMINATION
(Answers must be written in Telugu) : Section-A - Language
1. Place of Telugu among Dravidian languages and its antiquity-Etymological
history of Telugu, Tenugu and Andhra.
2. Major linguistic changes in phonological, morphological, grammatical and
Dravidian to old Telugu and from old Telugu to Modern Telugu.
3. Evolut ion of spoken Telugu when compared to classical Telugu-Formal and
functional view of Telugu language.
4. Influence of other languages and its impact on Telugu.
5. Modernization of Telugu language. (a) Linguistic and literary movements and
thei r role in modernizat ion of Telugu. (b) Role of media in modernization of
Telugu (Newspapers, Radio, TV etc.) mechanisms in coining new terms in Telugu in
various discourses including scientific and technical.
6. Dialects of Telugu-Regional and social variations and problems of
7. Syntax-Major divisions of Telugu sentences-simple, complex and comp of
nominlization and relativization-Direct and indirect reporting-conversion
8. Translation-Problems of translation, cultural, social and idiomatic-Methods
of translation-Approaches to translation-Literary and other kinds of
translation-various uses of translation.
1. Li terature in Pre-Nannaya Per iodMarga and Desi poetry.
2. Nannaya Period-Historical and Mahabharata.
3. Saiva poets and their contribution Udaharana.
4. Tikkana and his place in Telugu literature.
5. Errana and his literary works-Nachana Somana and his new approach to poetry.
6. Srinatha and Potana-Their woks and contribution.
7. Tallapaka Annamayya, Ramadasu, Tyagayya.
8. Evolution of prabandhas-Kavya and prabandha.
9. Southern school of Telugu literature, Chemakura Vankatakavi and women
poets-Literary forms like yakshagana, prose and padakavita.
10. Modern Telugu Literature and literary forms-Novel, Short Story, Drama,
Playlet and poetic forms.
11. Literary Movements : Reformation, Nationalism, Neo-classicism, Romanticism
and Progressive, Revolutionary movements.
12. Digambarakavulu, Feminist and Dalit Literature.
13. Main divisions of folk literature-Performing folk arts.
(Answers must be written in Telugu) This paper will
require first hand reading of the prescribed texts and will be designed to test
the candidate's critical ability, which wi l l be in relat ion to the fol lowing
i ) Vakroti and Auchitya-Formal and Structural-Imagery and
ii) Sociological, Historical, Ideological, Psychological approaches.
1. (Adiparva 4th Cantoverses 5-109)
2. (Udyoga parva -3rd Canto verses 1- 144)
3. Sr inatha-Guna Nidhi Katha (Kasi - khandam, 4th Canto, verses 76-133)
4. Pingali Surana-Sugatri Salinulakatha (Kalapurnodayamu 4 Canto verses, 60-142)
5. Molla-Ramayanamu (Balakanda including avatarika)
6. Kasula Purushothama Kavi-Andhra Nayaka Satakamu
7. (Short stories)
8. Viswanatha Satyanarayana-Andhra prasasti
9. Krishnapaksham (excluding Urvasi and Pravasam)
10. Sri Sri-Maha prastanam.
11. Jashuva-Gabbilam (Part I)
12. C. Narayana Reddy-Karpuravasanta rayalu.
13. Kanuparti Varalakshmamma-Sarada lekhalu (Part I)
15. Racha konda Visswanatha SastryAlpajaeevi.
Part: 2 History of Tamil Literature Tolkappiyam-Sangam
Literatue-The division of Akam and puram-The secular characteristics of Sangam
Literature-The dev e l o p m e n t o f E t h i c a l l i t e r a t u r e -
Silappadikaram and Manimekalai.
Part: 3 Devotional literature (Alwars and Nayanmars) The
bridal mysticism in Alwar hymns-Minor literary forms (Tutu, Ula, Parani,
Kuravanji) Social factors for the development of Modern Tamil literature: Novel,
Short story and New Poetry-The impact of various political ideologies on modern
Part:1 Recent trends in Tamil Studies
Approaches to criticism: Social, psychological, historical and moralistic-the
use of criticism-the various techniques in literature: Otturuvagam (allegory),
Angadam (Satire), Meyppadu, Padimam(image), Kuriyeedu (Symbol) Irunmai
(ambiguity)-The concept of comparative literature-the principle of comparative
Part: 2 Folk literature in Tamil: Ballads, Songs, proverbs
and riddles-Sociological study of Tamil folklore. Uses of translationTranslation
of Tamil works into other lang u a g e s -De v e l o pme n t o f j o u r n a l i
sm i n Tamil.
Part: 3 Cultural Heritage of the Tamils Concept of Love and
War-Concept of Aramthe ethical codes adopted by the ancient Tamils in their
warfare-customs, beliefs, rituals, modes of worship in the five Thinais. The
cultural changes as revealed in post sangam literature-cultural fusion in the
medieval period (Jainism & Buddhism). The development of arts and architecture
through the ages (Pallavas, later cholas, and Nayaks). The impact of various
political, social, religious and cultural movements on Tamil Society. The role
of mass media in the cultural change of contemporary Tamil society.