(Syllabus) Part - A Preliminary Examination - Syllabus ( Philosophy)

( UPSC Syllabus )
Part A - Preliminary Examination - Optional Subjects
Examination Syllabus - Subject : Philosophy


    Section-'A' (Problems of Philosophy)

  1. Substance and Attributes : Aristole, Descartes, Locke, Berkeley's criticism, Nyaya-Viasesika, Buddhist criticism of Pudgala.

  2. God, Soul and the World : Thomas Acquinas, St. Augustine, Spinoza, Descartes, Nyaya-Vaisesika, Sankara, Ramanuja.

  3. Universals : Realism and Nominalism (Plato, Aristotle, Berkeley's criticism of abstract ideas, Nyay-Vaisesika, Buddhism).

  4. Bases of Knowledge : Pramanavada in Carvaka, Nyaya-Vaisesika, Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta.

  5. Truth and Error : Correspondence Theory, Coherence theory, Pragmatic Theory; Khyativada (Anyathakhyati, Akhyati, Anivacaniyakhyati).

  6. Matter and Mind : Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz, Berkerley.

    Section-B (Logic)

  1. Truth and Validity

  2. Classification of sentences : Traditional and Modern.

  3. Syllogism : Figures and Moods; Rules of Syllogism (General and special) validation by Venn Diagrames; Formal Fallacies.

  4. Sentential Calculus : Symbolisation; Truth-Functions and their interdefinability; Truth Tables; Formal Proof.

    Section-'C' (Ethics)

  1. Statement of fact and statement of value.

  2. Right and Good; Teleology and Deontology.

  3. Psychological Hedonism.

  4. Utilitarianism (Bentham; J.S. Mill).

  5. Kantian Ethics.

  6. Problem of the freedom of will.

  7. Moral Judgements : Descriptivism, Prescriptivism, Emotivism.

  8. Niskamakarma : Sthitaprajna.

  9. Jaina Ethics

  10. Four Noble Truths and Eight fold path in Buddhism.

  11. Gandhian Ethics : Satya, Ahimsa, Ends and Means.

    Courtesy : UPSC