The Gist of Kurukshetra : Economic Survey 2015-16: Horticulture Scenario -June-2017
According to the Economic Survey 2015-16, the scenario of horticulture crops
in India has become very encouraging. The percentage share of horticulture
output in agriculture is more than 33 per cent. Under the purview of agriculture
and allied activities, the share of plan outlay for horticulture, which was 3.9
per cent during Ninth Plan, has increased to 4.6 per cent during the Twelfth
India has witnessed voluminous increase in horticulture production over the
last few years. Significant progress has been made in area expansion, resulting
in higher production. Over the last decade, the area under horticulture grew by
about 2.7 per cent per annum and annual production increased by 7.0 per cent.
During 2013-14, the production of horticulture crops was about 283.5 million
tonnes from an area of 24.2 million hectares. Out of the six categories e.g.,
Fruits, Vegetables, Flowers, Aromatic plants, Spices and Plantation Crops, the
highest annual growth of 9.5 per cent is seen in fruit production during
2013-14. The production of vegetables has increased from 58,532 thousand tones
to 1,67,058 thousand tonnes since 1991-92 to 2014-15(3rd AE).
India witnessed sharper increase in acreage in horticulture crops compared to
food grains over the last five years (from 2010-11 to 2014-15) the area under
horticulture crops increased around 18 per cent compared to an expansion of area
under food grains by 5 per cent during the stipulated period. The production of
horticulture crops have outpaced the production of food grain since 2012-13.