(The Gist of Kurukshetra) Atma Nirbhar Bharat INDIA [JUNE-2020]

(The Gist of Kurukshetra) Atma Nirbhar Bharat


Atma Nirbhar Bharat


  • Union Finance & Corporate Affairs Minister Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman in her press conference announced on 15 May 2020 the 3rd Tranche of measures to strengthen Infrastructure Logistics, Capacity Building, Governance and Administrative Reforms for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Processing Sectors.
  • Outlining what the Government has done over the last 2 months, the Finance Minister said, during the lockdown period Minimum Support Price (MSP) purchases of more than Rs. 74,300 crore, PM KISAN fund transfer of Rs. 18,700 crore and PM Fasal Bima Yojana claim payment of Rs. 6,400 crore have been made.

Atma Nirbhar Bharat:

  • It is a measure to strengthen agriculture infrastructure logistics, capacity building, governance and administrative reforms for agriculture, fisheries and food processing sectors.

The Finance Minister announced the following measures: Rs. 1 lakh crore Agri Infrastructure Fund for farm-gate infrastructure for farmers:

  • Financing facility of Rs. 1,00,000 crore will be provided for funding Agriculture Infrastructure
  • Projects at farm-gate & aggregation points (Primary Agricultural Cooperative Societies, Farmers
  • Producer Organizations, Agriculture entrepreneurs, Start-ups, etc.). Impetus for development of farmgate & aggregation point, affordable and financially viable Post Harvest Management infrastructure. Funds will be created immediately.

Rs. 10,000 crore scheme for Formalisation of Micro Food Enterprises (MFE):

  • A Scheme promoting the vision of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi: ‘Vocal for Local with
  • Global Outreach’ will be launched to help 2 lakh MFEs who need technical upgradation to attain
  • FSSAI food standards, build brands and marketing. Existing micro food enterprises, Farmer Producer Organisations, Self Help Groups and Cooperatives to be supported. The focus will be on women and SC/ST owned units and those in Aspirational districts and a cluster-based approach (e.g. Mango in UP, Tomato in Karnataka, Chilli in Andhra Pradesh, Orange in Maharashtra etc.) will be followed.

Rs. 20,000 crore for fisherman through Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY):

  • The Government will launch the PMMSY for integrated, sustainable, inclusive development of marine and inland fisheries. Rs 11,000 crore for activities in Marine, Inland fisheries and Aquaculture and Rs. 9000 crore for Infrastructure such as Fishing Harbours, Cold chain, Markets etc., shall be provided. Cage Culture, Seaweed farming, Ornamental Fisheries as well as New Fishing Vessels, Traceability, Laboratory Network etc., will be key activities. There will be provisions of Ban Period Support to fishermen (during the period fishing is not permitted), Personal & Boat Insurance.
  • This will lead to additional fish production of 70 lakh tonnes over 5 years, employment to over 55 lakh persons and doubling of the exports to Rs 1,00,000 crore. The focus will be on islands, Himalayan States, North-east and Aspirational Districts.

National Animal Disease Control Programme:

  • National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis launched with total outlay of Rs. 13,343 crore to ensure 100% vaccination of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and pig population (total 53 crore animals) for Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and for brucellosis. Till date, 1.5 crore cows & buffaloes tagged and vaccinated.

Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund - Rs. 15,000 crore:

  • An Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund of Rs. 15,000 crore will be set up, with an aim to support private investment in dairy processing, value addition and cattle feed infrastructure. Incentives will be given for establishing plants for export of niche products.

Promotion of Herbal Cultivation: Outlay of Rs. 4,000 crore:

  • The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) has supported 2.25 lakh hectare area under
  • cultivation of medicinal plants. Area of 10,00,000 hectare will be covered under Herbal cultivation in next two years with an outlay of Rs. 4,000 crore. This will lead to Rs. 5,000 crore income generation for farmers.
  • There will be a network of regional mandis for Medicinal Plants. NMPB will bring in the area of 800 hectare by developing a corridor of medicinal plants along the banks of Ganga.

Beekeeping Initiatives – Rs 500 crore; Government will implement a scheme for:

  • Infrastructure development related to Integrated Beekeeping Development Centres, collection, marketing and storage centres, post harvest & value addition facilities etc;
  • Implementation of standards & developing traceability system;
  • Capacity building with thrust on women;
  • Development of quality nucleus stock and bee breeders.
  • This will lead to increase in income for 2 lakh beekeepers and quality honey will reach the consumers.

From ‘TOP’ to TOTAL – Rs. 500 crore:

  • “Operation Greens' ' run by the Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MOFPI) will be extended from tomatoes, onion and potatoes to ALL fruit and vegetables. The Scheme would provide 50% subsidy on transportation from surplus to deficit markets, 50% subsidy on storage, including cold storages and will be launched as pilot for the next 6 months and will be extended and expanded.
  • This will lead to better price realisation to farmers, reduced wastages, affordability of products for consumers.


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Courtesy: Kurukshetra